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In mammalian and budding yeast cells treated with genotoxic agents, different proteins implicated in detecting, signalling or repairing DNA lesions form nuclear foci. We studied foci formed by proteins involved in these processes in living fission yeast cells, which is amenable to genetic and molecular analysis. Using fluorescent tags, we analysed(More)
Ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation represents more than 90% of the solar UV radiation reaching Earth's surface. Exposure to solar UV radiation is a major risk in the occurrence of non-melanoma skin cancer. Whole genome sequencing data of melanoma tumors recently obtained makes it possible also to definitively associate malignant melanoma with sunlight exposure.(More)
UVA radiation, the most abundant solar UV radiation reaching Earth's surface, induces oxidative stress through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can damage different cell components. Because of the broad spectrum of the possible targets of ROS, the cellular response to this radiation is complex. While extensive studies have allowed dissecting(More)
We have characterized spSet1p, the Schizosaccharomyces pombe ortholog of the budding yeast histone H3 methyltransferase Set1p. SpSet1p catalyzes methylation of H3 at K4, in vivo and in vitro. Deleting spset1 partially affects telomeric and centromeric silencing. Strikingly, lack of spSet1p causes elongation of telomeres in wild-type cells and in most DNA(More)
In vertebrates, XRCC3 is one of the five Rad51 paralogs that plays a central role in homologous recombination (HR), a key pathway for maintaining genomic stability. While investigating the potential role of human XRCC3 (hXRCC3) in the inhibition of DNA replication induced by UVA radiation, we discovered that hXRCC3 cysteine residues are oxidized following(More)
BACKGROUND Chk1 kinase is activated by phosphorylation at serine-345 by Rad3 checkpoint kinase and is required for DNA damage checkpoint in late S and G2 phase of S. pombe cell cycle. We studied the ability of two chk1 mutants, chk1-1 and chk1-2, to undergo phosphorylation and to delay cell cycle progression in response to different types of DNA lesions. (More)
Living organisms experience constant threats that challenge their genome stability. The DNA damage checkpoint pathway coordinates cell cycle progression with DNA repair when DNA is damaged, thus ensuring faithful transmission of the genome. The spindle assembly checkpoint inhibits chromosome segregation until all chromosomes are properly attached to the(More)
BACKGROUND In eukaryotic cells DNA structure checkpoints organize the cellular responses of DNA repair and transient cell cycle arrest and thereby ensure genomic stability. To investigate the exact role of crb2+ in the DNA damage checkpoint response, a genetic screen was carried out in order to identify suppressors of the conditional MMS sensitivity of a(More)
Rad52 is a key player in homologous recombination (HR), a DNA repair pathway that is dedicated to double strand breaks repair and recovery of perturbed replication forks. Here we show that fission yeast Rad52 homologue is phosphorylated when S phase cells are exposed to ROS inducers such as ultraviolet A radiation or hydrogen peroxide, but not to(More)
Insulin Degrading Enzyme (IDE) is a protease conserved through evolution with a role in diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. The reason underlying its ubiquitous expression including cells lacking identified IDE substrates remains unknown. Here we show that the fission yeast IDE homologue (Iph1) modulates cellular sensitivity to endoplasmic reticulum (ER)(More)