Stefania Francesconi

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In mammalian and budding yeast cells treated with genotoxic agents, different proteins implicated in detecting, signalling or repairing DNA lesions form nuclear foci. We studied foci formed by proteins involved in these processes in living fission yeast cells, which is amenable to genetic and molecular analysis. Using fluorescent tags, we analysed(More)
Living organisms experience constant threats that challenge their genome stability. The DNA damage checkpoint pathway coordinates cell cycle progression with DNA repair when DNA is damaged, thus ensuring faithful transmission of the genome. The spindle assembly checkpoint inhibits chromosome segregation until all chromosomes are properly attached to the(More)
Ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation represents more than 90% of the solar UV radiation reaching Earth's surface. Exposure to solar UV radiation is a major risk in the occurrence of non-melanoma skin cancer. Whole genome sequencing data of melanoma tumors recently obtained makes it possible also to definitively associate malignant melanoma with sunlight exposure.(More)
BACKGROUND Chk1 kinase is activated by phosphorylation at serine-345 by Rad3 checkpoint kinase and is required for DNA damage checkpoint in late S and G2 phase of S. pombe cell cycle. We studied the ability of two chk1 mutants, chk1-1 and chk1-2, to undergo phosphorylation and to delay cell cycle progression in response to different types of DNA lesions. (More)
We have characterized spSet1p, the Schizosaccharomyces pombe ortholog of the budding yeast histone H3 methyltransferase Set1p. SpSet1p catalyzes methylation of H3 at K4, in vivo and in vitro. Deleting spset1 partially affects telomeric and centromeric silencing. Strikingly, lack of spSet1p causes elongation of telomeres in wild-type cells and in most DNA(More)
DNA replication and DNA repair are essential cell cycle steps ensuring correct transmission of the genome. The feedback replication control system links mitosis to completion of DNA replication and partially overlaps the radiation checkpoint control. Deletion of the chkl/rad27 gene abolishes the radiation but not the replication feedback control.(More)
UVA radiation, the most abundant solar UV radiation reaching Earth's surface, induces oxidative stress through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can damage different cell components. Because of the broad spectrum of the possible targets of ROS, the cellular response to this radiation is complex. While extensive studies have allowed dissecting(More)
UVA radiation (320-400 nm) is a major environmental agent that can exert its deleterious action on living organisms through absorption of the UVA photons by endogenous or exogenous photosensitizers. This leads to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as singlet oxygen (1O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which in turn can modify reversibly or(More)
BACKGROUND In eukaryotic cells DNA structure checkpoints organize the cellular responses of DNA repair and transient cell cycle arrest and thereby ensure genomic stability. To investigate the exact role of crb2+ in the DNA damage checkpoint response, a genetic screen was carried out in order to identify suppressors of the conditional MMS sensitivity of a(More)
The DNA polymerase a enzymes from human, and budding (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) are homologous proteins involved in initiation and replication of chromosomal DNA. Sequence comparision of human DNA polymerase α with that of S. cerevisiae and S. pombe shows overall levels of amino acid sequence identity of 32% and(More)