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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Photodynamic therapy (PDT) appears to be endowed with several favorable features for the treatment of infections originated by microbial pathogens, including a broad spectrum of action, the efficient inactivation of antibiotic-resistant strains, the low mutagenic potential, and the lack of selection of photoresistant microbial(More)
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder caused by an imbalance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission. It is well known that neuronal excitability is related to γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic depolarization. HCO3 (-) -dependent depolarization can be suppressed by membrane-permeable inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase. We previously identified(More)
Using a training set of diketo-like acid HIV-1 integrase (IN) strand-transfer inhibitors, a 3D pharmacophore model was derived having quantitative predictive ability in terms of activity. The best statistical hypothesis consisted of four features (one hydrophobic aromatic region, two hydrogen-bond acceptors, and one hydrogen-bond donor) with r of 0.96. The(More)
Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy is emerging as a promising therapeutic modality for bacterial infections. For optimizing the antibacterial activity of the photosensitizer m-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin, it has been encapsulated in mixed cationic liposomes composed of different ratios of dimyristoyl- sn-glycero-phosphatidylcholine and any of four cationic(More)
Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy is emerging as a promising therapeutic modality for bacterial infections. Our studies aim at identifying strategies for optimizing the antibacterial activity of porphyrin-type photosensitisers. The photoinactivation properties of a novel, positively charged meso-substituted porphyrin, namely(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection has been hampered by the absence of a specific combination antiretroviral treatment (ART). Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) are emerging as a promising new drug class for HIV-1 treatment, and we evaluated the possibility of inhibiting FIV replication using INSTIs. METHODS(More)
Studies on the synthesis, structural elucidation, and biological evaluation of new conjugates of poly-S-lysine with meso-substituted porphyrins are described. The new conjugates were used in the photoinactivation of antibiotic-resistant Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus strains ATCC 25923 and MRSA 110) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia(More)
We have identified 1H-benzylindole analogues as a novel series of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitors with antiretroviral activities against different strains of HIV type 1 (HIV-1), HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus strain MAC(251) [SIV(MAC(251))]. Molecular modeling and structure-activity relationship-based optimization resulted(More)
The search of small molecules as protein-protein interaction inhibitors represents a new attractive strategy to develop anti-HIV-1 agents. We previously reported a computational study that led to the discovery of new inhibitors of the interaction between enzyme HIV-1 integrase (IN) and the nuclear protein lens epithelium growth factor LEDGF/p75.(1) Herein,(More)
A structure-based molecular modeling approach was performed to identify novel structural characteristics and scaffolds that might represent new classes of HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). The software LigandScout was used for identification and visualization of protein-ligand interaction sites and pharmacophore model(More)