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The hypothalamic peptides orexin-A and orexin-B are potent agonists of two G-protein coupled receptors, namely the OX(1) and the OX(2) receptor. These receptors are widely distributed, though differentially, in the rat brain. In particular, the OX(1) receptor is highly expressed throughout the hypothalamus, whilst the OX(2) receptor is mainly located in the(More)
This study utilised the selective 5-ht(5A) receptor antagonist, SB-699551-A (3-cyclopentyl-N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-N-[(4'-{[(2-phenylethyl)amino]methyl}-4-biphenylyl)methyl]propanamide dihydrochloride), to investigate 5-ht5A receptor function in guinea pig brain. SB-699551-A competitively antagonised 5-HT-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding to membranes(More)
Following the disclosure of 3,5-dimethyl pyrrole-2,4-dicarboxylic acid 2-propyl ester 4-(1,2,2-trimethyl-propyl) ester [3,5-dimethyl PPP] as a potent and selective mGluR1 non-competitive antagonist, we report here further in vivo characterization of this important tool and disclose the investigation of the C-5 position, which led to very potent compounds.
Following the disclosure of 3-(1,2,2-trimethylpropyl) 4-[3,5-dimethyl-2-propyloxycarbonyl]pyrrolecarboxylate as a potent and selective mGluR1 non-competitive antagonist, the role and the importance of the pyrrole template were investigated. Different aromatic moieties were investigated as possible bio-isosteric replacement of the original scaffold and some(More)
The mechanisms through which blockade of metabotropic glutamate receptors 5 (mGluR5) results in anxiolytic and antidepressant effects are currently unknown. In the present study, we therefore hypothesized that the anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like profile of the noncompetitive mGluR5 receptor antagonist 2-ethyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) may be(More)
In this work the pharmacology and the receptor kinetics of the following orexin receptor antagonists SB-649868, ACT-078573, JNJ-10397049, MK-6096 and Roche-Cp were evaluated at human OX(1) and OX(2) orexin receptors by using functional and receptor binding assays. Kinetic analysis of the unlabeled ligands was carried out by indirect measurement according to(More)
An increase in brain 5-HT levels is thought to be the key mechanism of action which results in an antidepressant response. It has been proven that selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors are effective antidepressants but the delay to therapeutic onset of these agents is thought to be due to the time required for 5-HT1A, and possibly 5-HT1B, autoreceptor(More)
8-[2-(4-Aryl-1-piperazinyl)ethyl]-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-ones have been identified as highly potent 5-HT(1A/B/D) receptor antagonists with and without additional SerT activity and a high degree of selectivity over hERG potassium channels. Modulation of the different target activities gave compounds with a range of profiles suitable for further in vivo(More)
The synthesis of the (+)- and (-)-isomers of 3-methyl-5-carboxy-thyen-2-yl-glycine (3-MATIDA), heterocyle isosters of carboxyphenylglycines (CPGs), a known class of competitive metabotropic glutamate receptors, was accomplished by a stereoselective Ugi condensation. The two isomers were tested as potential rat mGluR1 ligand and the (+) isomer was found to(More)