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Long considered merely a trophic and mechanical support to neurons, astrocytes have progressively taken the center stage as their ability to react to acute and chronic neurodegenerative situations became increasingly clear. Reactive astrogliosis starts when trigger molecules produced at the injury site drive astrocytes to leave their quiescent state and(More)
Recently, cannabinoids (CBs) have been shown to possess antitumor properties. Because the psychoactivity of cannabinoid compounds limits their medicinal usage, we undertook the present study to evaluate the in vitro antiproliferative ability of cannabidiol (CBD), a nonpsychoactive cannabinoid compound, on U87 and U373 human glioma cell lines. The addition(More)
Both the adenosine analogue 2-chloro-adenosine (2-CA) and the reducing sugar deoxy-D-ribose (dRib) induce apoptosis of astroglial cells in rat brain primary cultures (Abbracchio et al.: Biochem Biophys Res Commun 213:908-915, 1995). The present study was undertaken to elucidate by both morphological and cytofluorimetric analyses the intracellular(More)
The recently cloned G protein-coupled adenosine A3 receptor has been proposed to play a role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. Because phospholipase C activation occurs as a very early response to brain ischemia, we evaluated the ability of A3- selective and nonselective adenosine analogues to elicit phosphoinositide hydrolysis. In(More)
Upon central nervous system injury, the extracellular concentrations of nucleotides and cysteinyl-leukotrienes, two unrelated families of endogenous signalling molecules, are markedly increased at the site of damage, suggesting that they may act as 'danger signals' to alert responses to tissue damage and start repair. Here we show that, in non-injured(More)
Excessive cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) induction may play a role in chronic neurological diseases characterized by inflammation and astrogliosis. We have previously identified an astroglial receptor for extracellular nucleotides, a P2Y receptor, whose stimulation leads to arachidonic acid (AA) release, followed, 3 days later, by morphological changes(More)
We have used primary cultures of rat striatum to study the effects of ATP analogues on the elongation of astrocytic processes, a parameter of astroglial cell differentiation. Parallel studies were performed with basic fibroblast growth factor, a known regulator of astroglial cell function. After three days in culture, both the growth factor and alpha(More)
A liquid chromatographic stationary phase containing immobilized membranes from cells expressing the P2Y-like receptor GPR17 is described. Cellular membranes from 1321N1 cells transiently transfected with GPR17 vector [GPR17+] and from the same cell line transfected with the corresponding empty vector [GPR17(-)] were entrapped on immobilized artificial(More)
The peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is a component of a multiprotein complex, located at the contact site between the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes, which constitutes the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT)-pore. The opening of the MPT-pore, leading to the transmembrane mitochondrial potential (DeltaPsi(m)) dissipation, is a(More)
Adenosine receptors modulate neuronal and synaptic function in a range of ways that may make them relevant to the occurrence, development and treatment of brain ischemic damage and degenerative disorders. A(1) adenosine receptors tend to suppress neural activity by a predominantly presynaptic action, while A(2A) adenosine receptors are more likely to(More)