Stefania Catino

Learn More
Over the past years, several lines of evidence have pointed out the efficacy of ferulic acid (FA) in counteracting oxidative stress elicited by β-amyloid or free radical initiators, based on the ability of this natural antioxidant to up-regulate the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and biliverdin reductase (BVR) system. However, scarce results can be found in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of phthalates on human luteal cell function. DESIGN Laboratory study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S) Twenty-three normally menstruating patients in the midluteal phase. INTERVENTION(S) Human luteal cells isolated from corpora lutea for primary cultures. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S) Progesterone (P4) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine nicotine (N) and cotinine (C) effects on trophoblast cells (TCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) secretion of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1), soluble endoglin (sENG), placental growth factor (PlGF), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). STUDY DESIGN(More)
Endocrine disruptors are well known to impair fertility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (p-NP) on human luteal function in vitro. In particular, in luteal cells isolated from 21 human corpora lutea progesterone, prostaglandin (PG) F2α, PGE2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)(More)
CONTEXT Ghrelin, well-known modulator of food intake and energy balance, is a rather ubiquitous peptide involved in several endocrine and nonendocrine actions. A possible as-yet-unknown role for ghrelin in modulating luteal function has been suggested because both ghrelin and its receptor (GRLN-R) have been immunohistochemically detected in human corpus(More)
Over the last years, many studies reported on the antioxidant effects of ferulic acid (FA) in preclinical models of dementia through the activation of the heme oxygenase/biliverdin reductase (HO/BVR) system. However, only a few studies evaluated whether FA could improve neurological function under milder conditions, such as psychological stress. The aim of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether Ghrelin could affect prostaglandins (PGs) and nitric oxide synthesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The effect of Ghrelin on endothelial cell proliferation was also evaluated. DESIGN In vitro research report. SETTING Third-level referral academic centers, including molecular and cellular biology(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether unacylated ghrelin and obestatin were able to influence human luteal cell function. The effect of these two ghrelin-related peptides on progesterone (P4), prostaglandin (PG) F(2α), PGE(2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release and on VEGF expression in isolated human steroidogenic cells has been investigated. (More)
CONTEXT Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is essential for normal luteal development and function, but little is still known about the regulation of its production by human midluteal phase luteal cells. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or local factors, including chemical hypoxia, IGF-I and IGF-II, prostaglandin(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate estrogens (Es)--E2, estrone (E1), and estriol--and androgens--T and androstendione (A)-effect on P, prostaglandin (PG) F2α, PGE2, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release and on VEGF expression in human luteal cells. To elucidate whether androgens effects were direct or mediated by their conversion in Es, an aromatase(More)