Stefania Brocca

Learn More
Lipases (Lip) hydrolyze triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol. Lip produced by the yeast Candida cylindracea are encoded by multiple genomic sequences. We report the molecular cloning and characterization of three genes from this family. They encode putative mature 57-kDa proteins of 534 amino acids (aa). To date, five Lip-encoding genomic sequences(More)
The dimorphic yeast Candida rugosa has an unusual codon usage that hampers the functional expression of genes derived from this yeast in a conventional heterologous host. Commercial samples of C. rugosa lipase (CRL) are widely used in industry, but contain several different isoforms encoded by the lip gene family, among which the isoform encoded by the gene(More)
The fungus Candida rugosa secretes an extracellular lipase whose production is induced by the addition of fatty acids to the culture broth. This lipase is indeed composed by several protein isoforms partly differing in their catalytic properties. Synthesis and secretion of lipase proteins by C. rugosa cells were studied in culture media containing either(More)
Several fungi secrete lipase isozymes differing in biochemical properties and in some cases in substrate specificity. In the yeast Candida rugosa, a family of related genes encodes for multiple lipase proteins, highly homologous in sequence but partially different in the regions interacting with the substrate molecule. Analysis of these substitutions(More)
The fungus Candida rugosa produces multiple lipase isoenzymes (CRLs) with distinct differences in substrate specificity, in particular with regard to selectivity toward the fatty acyl chain length. Moreover, isoform CRL3 displays high activity towards cholesterol esters. Lipase isoenzymes share over 80% sequence identity but diverge in the sequence of the(More)
BACKGROUND Yeast strains endowed with robustness towards copper and/or enriched in intracellular Cu might find application in biotechnology processes, among others in the production of functional foods. Moreover, they can contribute to the study of human diseases related to impairments of copper metabolism. In this study, we investigated the molecular and(More)
We have studied, by the polymerase chain reaction, the β-galactosidase cDNA from several Italian patients with infantile GM1-gangliosidosis. One homozygote for a previously undiscovered G > A mutation at position 1479, causing an arginine to histidine change, was detected. The same mutation, in heterozygosis, was identified in 6 unrelated patients, but not(More)
Sequence analysis of Candida rugosa lipase 1 (LIP1) predicts the presence of three N-linked glycosylation sites at asparagine 291, 314, 351. To investigate the relevance of sugar chains in the activation and stabilization of LIP1, we directed site mutagenesis to replace the above mentioned asparagine with glutamine residues. Comparison of the activity of(More)
The molecular basis of chain length specificity of Candida rugosa lipase 1 was investigated by molecular modeling and site-directed mutagenesis. The synthetic lip1 gene and the lipase mutants were expressed in Pichia pastoris and assayed for their chain length specificity in single substrate assays using triglycerides as well as in a competitive substrate(More)
In the yeast Candida rugosa the lipase isozymes are encoded by a family of genes, five of which have been cloned and sequenced in our laboratory. In this paper we report on the identification and preliminary characterization of two new related sequences, thus extending this multigene family to seven members. The total DNA content of Candida cells was(More)