Learn More
BACKGROUND Yeast strains endowed with robustness towards copper and/or enriched in intracellular Cu might find application in biotechnology processes, among others in the production of functional foods. Moreover, they can contribute to the study of human diseases related to impairments of copper metabolism. In this study, we investigated the molecular and(More)
In living organisms, copper (Cu) contributes to essential functions but at high concentrations it may elicit toxic effects. Cu-tolerant yeast strains are of relevance for both biotechnological applications and studying physiological and molecular mechanisms involved in stress resistance. One way to obtain tolerant strains is to exploit experimental methods(More)
The fungus Candida rugosa secretes an extracellular lipase whose production is induced by the addition of fatty acids to the culture broth. This lipase is indeed composed by several protein isoforms partly differing in their catalytic properties. Synthesis and secretion of lipase proteins by C. rugosa cells were studied in culture media containing either(More)
The fungus Candida rugosa produces multiple lipase isoenzymes (CRLs) with distinct differences in substrate specificity, in particular with regard to selectivity toward the fatty acyl chain length. Moreover, isoform CRL3 displays high activity towards cholesterol esters. Lipase isoenzymes share over 80% sequence identity but diverge in the sequence of the(More)
The dimorphic yeast Candida rugosa has an unusual codon usage that hampers the functional expression of genes derived from this yeast in a conventional heterologous host. Commercial samples of C. rugosa lipase (CRL) are widely used in industry, but contain several different isoforms encoded by the lip gene family, among which the isoform encoded by the gene(More)
IDPs in their unbound state can transiently acquire secondary and tertiary structure. Describing such intrinsic structure is important to understand the transition between free and bound state, leading to supramolecular complexes with physiological interactors. IDP structure is highly dynamic and, therefore, difficult to study by conventional techniques.(More)
The secondary structure of lipase 1 from Candida rugosa, a model system for large monomeric enzymes, has been studied by FTIR (Fourier-transform infrared) spectroscopy in water and 2H2O. The secondary structure content, determined by the analysis of the amide I band absorption through second derivative and curve fitting procedures, is in agreement with that(More)
This work investigates the effect of chain length on the degree of compaction of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs). The three main IDP types, native coil (NC), pre-molten globule (PMG) and molten globule (MG), are compared by means of a compaction index (CI) normalized for chain length. The results point out a strong variability of compactness as a(More)
Nano-electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (nano-ESI-MS) is applied to comparison of bovine and porcine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG and PLG). The conformational and oligomeric properties of the two proteins under different solvent and experimental conditions are analyzed. The pH-dependence of dimerization is described for the pH range 2-11. The results(More)
The fungus C. rugosa produces lipase isoenzymes (CRLs) homologous to the Geotrichum candidum and Yarrowia lipolytica lipases to which they share ca. 40 and 30% sequence identity, with a domain of sequence conservation at the N-terminal half of the protein. CRL proteins have high sequence homology but are not identical in their catalytic activity, therefore(More)