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Both Fe deficiency and Cd exposure induce rapid changes in the S nutritional requirement of plants. The aim of this work was to characterize the strategies adopted by plants to cope with both Fe deficiency (release of phytosiderophores) and Cd contamination [production of glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins] when grown under conditions of limited S supply.(More)
The aim of this work was to clarify the role of S supply in the development of the response to Fe depletion in Strategy I plants. In S-sufficient plants, Fe-deficiency caused an increase in the Fe(III)-chelate reductase activity, 59Fe uptake rate and ethylene production at root level. This response was associated with increased expression of LeFRO1(More)
The effect of the S nutritional status on a plant's capability to cope with Fe shortage was studied in solution cultivation experiments in barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Europa). Barley is a Strategy II plant and responds to Fe deficiency by secretion of chelating compounds, phytosiderophores (PS). All PS are derived from nicotianamine whose precursor is(More)
The effect of an in vivo and in vitro treatment with cadmium on transport activities of root plasma membrane enriched vesicles was studied in oat (Avena sativa L. cv. Argentina) plants. Addition of 100 mumol/L CdSO4 to nutrient solution decreases both proton transport activity and ATPase activity to the same level. In vitro experiments show that cadmium(More)
The interactions between sulphur nutrition and Cd exposure were investigated in maize (Zea mays L.) plants. Plants were grown for 12 days in nutrient solution with or without sulphate. Half of the plants of each treatment were then supplied with 100 microM Cd. Leaves were collected 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days from the beginning of Cd application and used for(More)
The number of active Amy-2 genes has been estimated in strain CE/J mice which produce four distinct electrophoretic forms of alpha-amylase in their pancreas. cDNA cloning and DNA sequence analysis discloses five distinct mRNA sequences which differ by approximately 1% of their nucleotides. Two of these mRNAs specify the same protein. Changes in the(More)
In higher plants, NO3(-) can induce its own uptake and the magnitude of this induction is positively related to the external anion concentration. This phenomenon has been characterized in both herbaceous and woody plants. Here, different adaptation strategies of roots from two maize (Zea mays L., ZmAGOs) inbred lines differing in nitrogen use efficiency(More)
This study addresses the question of the interference between iron (Fe) nutrition and cadmium (Cd) toxicity at the level of growth performance, phytosiderophores (PS) release, micronutrient accumulation and expression of genes involved in Fe homeostasis in barley seedlings, a plant with strategy II-based response to Fe shortage. Cd exposure induced(More)
The effect of iron (Fe) and sulphur (S) deprivation on sulphate uptake and assimilation pathways was investigated in durum wheat by analysing the expression of genes coding for major transporters and enzymes involved in sulphate assimilation and reduction: high-affinity sulphate transporters (TdSultr1.1 and TdSultr1.3), ATP sulphurylase (TdATPSul1 and(More)
Characterization of the relationship between sulfur and iron in both Strategy I and Strategy II plants, has proven that low sulfur availability often limits plant capability to cope with iron shortage. Here it was investigated whether the adaptation to iron deficiency in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants was associated with an increased root sulfate(More)