Stefani Martin

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Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is a significant respiratory pathogen of swine causing a severe and often fatal fibrinous hemorrhagic bronchopneumonia with significant economic losses resulting from chronic as well as acute infections. This study describes the application of a signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) system to identify in vivo critical genes of(More)
We determined the nucleotide sequence of a 3.5-kb region of the bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) genome which contained the complete BHV-1 homologs of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL26 and UL26.5 genes. In HSV-1, the UL26 and UL26.5 open reading frames encode scaffold proteins upon which viral capsids are assembled. The UL26-encoded protein is also a(More)
MVA is an attenuated strain of vaccinia virus (VACV) that is a popular vaccine vector. MVA infection activates NF-κB. For 293T cells, it is known that MVA early gene expression activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2), resulting in NF-κB activation. However, other viral and cellular mechanisms responsible for this event are ill defined. The(More)
Modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) is an attenuated vaccinia virus, and is a promising vaccine vector for variola and monkeypox viruses, as well as for other pathogens. The MVA determinants important for vaccine efficacy and immunogenicity are poorly defined. MVA infection of fibroblast cells activates NF-kappaB, a characteristic not ascribed to wild-type(More)
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