The handling of single cells is of great importance in applications such as cell line development or single-cell analysis, e.g., for cancer research or for emerging diagnostic methods. This review provides an overview of technologies that are currently used or in development to isolate single cells for subsequent single-cell analysis. Data from a dedicated… (More)
Submerged macrophytes give important information about a lake´s trophic state and its ecosystem. Aquatic macrophytes can therefore serve as useful indicators of water pollution along the littoral zones. The spectral signatures of various macrophyte species were investigated to determine whether species could be discriminated by remote sensing. The spectral… (More)
BACKGROUND In August 2006, a case of leptospirosis occurred in an athlete after a triathlon held around Heidelberg and in the Neckar river. In order to study a possible outbreak and to determine risk factors for infection an epidemiological investigation was performed. METHODS Participants of the triathlon were contacted by e-mail and were asked to fill… (More)
Background: Although several potential risk factors have been discussed, risk factors associated with bacterial colonization or even infection of catheters used for regional anaesthesia are not very well investigated.
INTRODUCTION The role of reactive carbonyl species, such as methylglyoxal (MG), has been overlooked within the context of the sepsis syndrome. The aims of this study were to assess the impact of MG formation in different inflammatory settings and to evaluate its use for early diagnosis as well as prognosis of the sepsis syndrome. METHODS In total, 120… (More)
Fractures of the pelvic ring including disruption of the posterior elements in high-energy trauma have both high morbidity and mortality rates. For some injury pattern part of the initial resuscitation includes either external fixation or plate fixation to close the pelvic ring and decrease blood loss. In certain situations – especially when associated with… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with severe acute stroke are at high risk for systemic infections which are associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality; nevertheless current guidelines do not recommend prophylactic antibiotic therapy. Sensitive detection of pathogens in the blood is desirable to guide early antibiotic therapy. We studied the… (More)
Outline Motivation Improvements Results Conclusions BSAC ©2003 Fall IAB. Confidential Information. Not to be made public without permission from UC Regents.
BACKGROUND Odontoid fractures account for approximately 20% of all fractures of the cervical spine. They represent the most common cervical spine injury for patients older than 70 years, the majority being type II fractures (65-74%), which are considered to be relatively unstable. The management of these fractures is controversial. Possible treatment… (More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for effective drugs in the prevention and treatment of heterotopic ossifications (HO) after fractures. Echinomycin has been shown to prevent formation of HO in an animal model. However, before it may be considered as an option against HO, it needs to be studied whether it prevents fracture healing similar to non-steroidal… (More)