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BACKGROUND Only 15-20% of patients with chronic hepatitis C achieve a sustained virological response with interferon therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of interferon alpha2b in combination with oral ribavirin with interferon alone, for treatment of chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS 832 patients aged(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1, treatment with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin for 48 weeks results in rates of sustained virologic response of 40 to 50%. Telaprevir is a specific inhibitor of the HCV serine protease and could be of value in HCV treatment. METHODS A total of 334 patients who had(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B is not effective in most. A combination of immunomodulatory pegylated interferon alfa-2b and antiviral lamivudine might improve the rate of sustained response. METHODS 307 HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B were assigned combination therapy (100 microg/week pegylated(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical outcomes of chronic hepatitis C infection in patients with advanced fibrosis include liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether sustained virologic response to treatment for hepatitis C is associated with improved clinical outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING 5 hepatology(More)
It has been suggested that hepatitis C virus (HCV) and especially genotype 3 is associated with steatosis. We assess the effect of treatment with peginterferon or interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin on steatosis. We analyzed 1,428 naïve patients included in a randomized trial. A single pathologist scored steatosis at baseline and 24 weeks after the treatment.(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, end-stage cirrhosis, and liver cancer, but little is known about the burden of disease caused by the virus. We summarised burden of disease data presently available for Europe, compared the data to current expert estimates, and identified areas in which better data are needed.(More)
BACKGROUND The inhibitor telaprevir (VX-950) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease NS3-4A has been tested in a recent phase 1b clinical trial in patients infected with HCV genotype 1. This trial revealed residue mutations that confer varying degrees of drug resistance. In particular, two protease positions with the mutations V36A/G/L/M and T54A/S were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major health issue worldwide. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP locus were identified to be associated with HBV infection in Asian populations. Most significant associations were observed for the A alleles of HLA-DPA1 rs3077(More)
BACKGROUND Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI)-Imaging is an ultrasound-based elastography method enabling quantitative measurement of tissue stiffness. The aim of the present study was to evaluate sensitivity and specificity of ARFI-imaging for differentiation of thyroid nodules and to compare it to the well evaluated qualitative real-time elastography(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes hMLH1 and hMSH2 can cause hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). However, the functional in vitro analysis of hMLH1 and hMSH2 mutations remains difficult. AIMS To establish an in vitro method for the functional characterisation of hMLH1 and hMSH2 mutations. METHODS hMLH1 and(More)