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Histopathologic grading of ependymomas is considered unreliable in terms of outcome prediction. Quantification of tumor cell proliferation may be useful for outcome prediction. We analyzed prognostic and predictive values of tumor cell proliferation rates using anti-Ki-67 antigen (MIB-1 antibody) and anti-topoisomerase-IIalpha (Topo-IIalpha) immunolabeling(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to determine the value of high-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for diagnosis and surgery of sellar lesions. METHODS High-field MR images were obtained using a 3-tesla unit with emphasis on sellar and parasellar structures in 21 patients preoperatively to delineate endo-, supra-, and parasellar anatomical structures.(More)
We investigated angiogenic patterns and expression of hypoxia-related tissue factors and their prognostic impact in 100 cases of intracranial ependymoma. Angiogenic patterns were evaluated by anti-CD34 immunolabeling. Hypoxia-related factors carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) were visualized by immunohistochemistry, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical resection of cranial base meningiomas is often limited owing to involvement of crucial neural structures. Within the last 2 decades Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has gained increasing importance as an adjunct treatment after incomplete resection and as an alternative treatment to open surgery. However, reports of long-term results are(More)
For recurrent and untreatable meningiomas alternative therapies, such as anti-progesterone treatment, have been sought. However, the few clinical studies have not determined progesterone receptor (PgR) expression in most cases, and studies correlating quantitative PgR expression (PgR index) with clinico-pathological variables are scarce. The aim of our(More)
OBJECTIVE In diffusely infiltrating gliomas (DIG), positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is a powerful method for detection of anaplastic foci. Recently, (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy chemical shift imaging (CSI) using choline/creatine (Cho/Cr) or choline/N-acetylaspartate (Cho/NAA) ratios has emerged as a new non-invasive, widely available(More)
OBJECT In residual nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas, reliable prognostic parameters indicating probability of tumor progression are needed. The Ki 67 expression/MIB-1 labeling index (LI) is considered to be a promising candidate factor. The aim in the present study was to analyze the clinical usefulness of MIB-1 LI for prognosis of tumor progression. (More)
The aim of this study was the evaluation of the normal sellar anatomy in vitro and in vivo with high-field MRI and its application in the diagnosis of sellar pathologies in comparison to standard MRI. All high-field MR images were obtained using a 3T Bruker Medspec 30/80 Scanner with a head birdcage transmit/receive coil and an actively shielded gradient(More)
Objective. Frameless stereotactic navigation devices require preoperative application of skin markers (SM) and planning radiography, which limits their even wider use. Therefore, we prospectively studied the applicability and accuracy of anatomic "natural" markers (NM) for image registration. Methods. The accuracy of NM was evaluated in 26 patients operated(More)
Surgical approaches tailored to an individual patient's anatomy and pathology have become standard in neurosurgery. Precise preoperative planning of these procedures, however, is necessary to achieve an optimal therapeutic effect. Therefore, multiple radiological imaging modalities are used prior to surgery to delineate the patient's anatomy, neurological(More)