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Absolute frequency measurement of the 435.5 nm 171 Yb + clock transition with a Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond laser We have measured the frequency of the 6s 2 S 1/2 − 5d 2 D 3/2 electric-quadrupole transition of 171 Yb + with a relative uncertainty of 1 × 10 −14 , ν Y b = 688 358 979 309 312 Hz ± 6 Hz. A femtosecond frequency comb generator was used to(More)
—Two 171 Yb + single-ion optical frequency standards operating at 688 THz (436 nm) are compared in order to investigate systematic frequency shifts in the subhertz range. In the absence of externally applied perturbations, a mean relative frequency difference of 3.8 · 10 −16 is observed. Using a femtosecond frequency comb generator based on an Er 3+-doped(More)
We report experimental investigations of a single-ion optical frequency standard based on 171 Yb +. The ion is confined in a cylindrically symmetric radiofrequency Paul trap. The reference transition is the 2 S 1/2 ͑F =0͒ – 2 D 3/2 ͑FЈ =2͒ electric quadrupole transition at 688 THz. Using a differential measurement scheme, we determine the shift of the(More)
—We stabilize a microwave oscillator at 9.6 GHz to an optical clock laser at 344 THz by using a fiber-based femto-second laser frequency comb as a transfer oscillator. With a second frequency comb, we independently measure the instability of the microwave source with respect to another optical clock laser frequency at 456 THz. The total fractional frequency(More)
Coherent manipulation of atomic states is a key concept in high-precision spectroscopy and used in atomic fountain clocks and a number of optical frequency standards. Operation of these standards can involve a number of cyclic switching processes, which may induce cycle-synchronous phase excursions of the interrogation signal and thus lead to shifts in the(More)
In the uncertainty budget of primary atomic cesium fountain clocks, evaluations of frequency-pulling shifts of the hyperfine clock transition caused by unintentional excitation of its nearby transitions (Rabi and Ramsey pulling) have been based so far on an approach developed for cesium beam clocks. We re-evaluate this type of frequency pulling in fountain(More)
—We explore the method of rapid adiabatic passage for collisional frequency shift measurements in the primary caesium fountain clock PTB-CSF2 at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). This method can be used to vary the local density distribution of the atom cloud by exactly a factor of 2. We investigate the performance of the method for different(More)
We designed and characterized Silicon Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs) fabricated in a high-voltage 0.35 μm CMOS technology, achieving state-of-the-art low Dark Counting Rate (DCR), very large diameter, and extended Photon Detection Efficiency (PDE) in the Near Ultraviolet. So far, different groups fabricated CMOS SPADs in scaled technologies, but(More)
—Recently, we observed quasi-periodic frequency oscillations in CSF1, which is the first cesium fountain clock at These oscillations could be traced back to Majorana transitions after the second Ramsey interaction. A change in field configuration eliminated the Majorana transitions and with it the frequency oscillations.
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