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Studying the properties of individual events and molecules offers a host of advantages over taking only macroscopic measurements of populations. Here we review such advantages, as well as some pitfalls, focusing on examples from biological imaging. Examples include single proteins, their interactions in cells, organelles, and their interactions both with(More)
The mechanisms controlling the conversion of spider silk proteins into insoluble fibres, which happens in a fraction of a second and in a defined region of the silk glands, are still unresolved. The N-terminal domain changes conformation and forms a homodimer when pH is lowered from 7 to 6; however, the molecular details still remain to be determined. Here(More)
Oligomers formed by the amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) are pathogens in Alzheimer's disease. Increased knowledge on the oligomerization process is crucial for understanding the disease and for finding treatments. Ideally, Aβ oligomerization should be studied in solution and at physiologically relevant concentrations, but most popular techniques of today are not(More)
Nanoparticles (NPs) and molecules can be analyzed by inverse fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (iFCS) as they pass through an open detection volume, displacing fractions of the fluorescence-emitting solution in which they are dissolved. iFCS does not require the NPs or molecules to be labeled. However, fluorophores in μm-mm concentrations are needed for(More)
Scanning Inverse Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (siFCS) is introduced to determine the absolute size of nanodomains on surfaces. We describe here equations for obtaining the domain size from cross- and auto-correlation functions, measurement simulations which enabled testing of these equations, and measurements on model surfaces mimicking membranes(More)
Elevated basal insulin secretion under fasting conditions together with insufficient stimulated insulin release is an important hallmark of type 2 diabetes, but the mechanisms controlling basal insulin secretion remain unclear. Membrane rafts exist in pancreatic islet cells and spatially organize membrane ion channels and proteins controlling exocytosis,(More)
Fluorescence spectroscopy and imaging have a very broad spectrum of applications within the life sciences, in particular for detection and characterization of biomolecular dynamics and interactions in different environments. This thesis comprises projects that strive to further expand the information content extracted from the detected fluorescence, leading(More)
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