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Targeted inactivation of the Bmp7 gene in mouse leads to eye defects with late onset and variable penetrance (A. T. Dudley et al., 1995, Genes Dev. 9, 2795-2807; G. Luo et al., 1995, Genes Dev. 9, 2808-2820). Here we report that the expressivity of the Bmp7 mutant phenotype markedly increases in a C3H/He genetic background and that the phenotype implicates(More)
Kallmann syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by a defect in olfactory system development, which appears to be due to an abnormality in the migration of olfactory axons and gonadotropin releasing hormone (Gn-RH) producing neurons. The X-linked Kallmann syndrome gene shares significant similarities with molecules involved in neural development. We(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) inhibition has been proposed as the primary determinant of neural cell fate in the developing Xenopus ectoderm. The evidence supporting this hypothesis comes from experiments in explanted "animal cap" ectoderm and in intact embryos using BMP antagonists that are unregulated and active well before gastrulation. While(More)
Pax6, a member of the paired-box family of transcription factors, is critical for oculogenesis in both vertebrates and insects. Identification of potential vertebrate Pax6 targets has been guided by studies in Drosophila, where the Pax6 homologs eyeless ( ey ) and twin of eyeless ( toy ) function within a network of genes that synergistically pattern the(More)
MHox is a homeodomain protein that binds an essential element in the core of the muscle creatine kinase enhancer. In the mouse embryo, MHox expression is restricted to mesenchymal cells; in adult mice the gene is highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle. To further define the functions of MHox during embryogenesis, we have cloned its chicken homolog,(More)
Members of the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily are involved in the control of cell identity and of pattern formation during embryonic development. Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factors (COUP-TFs) can act as regulators of various steroid/thyroid hormone receptor pathways. To begin to study the role of COUP-TFs during(More)
Kallmann syndrome is an inherited disorder characterized by an abnormality in olfactory system development. The gene for the X-linked form of this disorder (KAL) maps to Xp22.3 and encodes a protein sharing homologies with molecules involved in neuronal migration and axonal pathfinding. Here we report the expression pattern of the KAL gene in various parts(More)
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