The paper questions the notion that the diffusion of electronic commerce will lead to disintermediation. Rather than interpreting intermediation as a single service it is pointed out that intermediaries can provide a number of services. The analysis based on the New Institutional Economics, Market Microstructure Theory, and Information Economics shows that… (More)
This paper questions the widely held view that B2C eCommerce markets are characterised by a high intensity of competition, using a mixture of theoretical arguments and empirical evidence. We discuss two hypothesis and survey empirical studies which test them. We argue that the goods sold in B2C eCommerce have to be interpreted as heterogeneous " composite… (More)
The OeNB's biannual Financial Stability Report provides regular analyses of Austrian and international developments with an impact on financial stability. In addition, it includes studies offering in-depth insights into specific topics related to financial stability. May be reproduced for noncommercial and educational purposes with appropriate credit.
This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF/OeNB or IMF/OeNB policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. A framework… (More)
EZB senkt im November den Leitzinssatz in % p.a.
The paper analyzes three neoclassical models of money with emphasis on the equilibrium concepts employed. It is argued that the neoclassical theories fail to analyze the emergence of the social institution of money. Instead, they focus on the consistency of individual decisions regarding the rational acceptability of intrinsically worthless objects given… (More)
In this paper an improved method for designing electric propulsion systems consisting of e-machine and inverter, based on a co-simulation, is presented. As the mandated emission limits of vehicles are expected to become stricter, advanced design methods are necessary to calculate accurate losses of machine and inverter. The approach contains the influence… (More)
Taking into account typical power and temperature requirements of electric vehicle applications, silicon carbide based semiconductor devices seem to be the most promising candidates for future high power density traction inverter applications. Therefore, the design of a three-phase DC-AC inverter based on SiC MOSFETs under automotive constraints is… (More)
Mechanical components that are exposed to cyclic mechanical loading fail at loads that are well below the ultimate tensile strength. This process is known as fatigue. The failure time, that is the time when a first crack forms, is highly random. In this work we review some recent developments in the modelling of probabilistic failure times, understood as… (More)
Liquidity stress-testing: a survey of theory, empirics and current industry and supervisory practices iii Contents