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The uncertainties arising from the problem of identifying a representative model structure and model parameters in a conceptual rainfall-runoff model were investigated. A conceptual model, the HBV model, was applied to the mountainous Brugga basin (39.9 km") in the Black Forest, southwestern Germany. In a first step, a Monte Carlo procedure with randomly(More)
[1] A key component to understanding and predicting water fluxes and water quality in river basins is the spatial distribution of water-saturated areas. There is limited knowledge on spatial patterns of saturated areas, their relation to landscape characteristics and processes, and the ability of hydrological models to represent the observed spatial(More)
Hydrological and geomorphological processes are key to mangrove forest growth and development. However, few mangrove hydrology studies exist in Central America. A 0.2 km2 mangrove forest on the Pacific coast of Nicaragua was investigated to determine the water balance dynamics during the dry season. The used multi-methods approach combined hydrology,(More)
For optimal protection and integrated management of water resources, it is essential to quantify the impact of land-use change on hydrological regimes at various scales. Using the process-based catchment model TAC D (tracer aided catchment model, distributed) two land-use scenarios were analysed for the rural and mountainous Dreisam basin (258 km 2): (i) an(More)
Although Escherichia coli is an indicator of fecal contamination in aquifers, limited research has been devoted to understanding the biological processes involved in the initial attachment of E. coli transported in abiotic porous media. The roles of the various surface structures of E. coli, like lipopolysaccharides (LPS), autotransporter proteins, and(More)
Eutrophication is an increasing problem in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and, as a result, the ecological integrity of surface waters becomes compromised, fish populations become extinct, toxic cyanobacteria blooms are abundant, and oxygen levels reduce. In this review we establish the relationship between eutrophication of fresh inland surface waters in SSA(More)
Bacteria properties play an important role in the transport of bacteria in groundwater, but their role, especially for longer transport distances (>0.5 m) has not been studied. Thereto, we studied the effects of cell surface hydrophobicity, outer surface potential (OSP), cell sphericity, motility, and Ag43 protein expression on the outer cell surface for a(More)
Recharge of waste water in an unconsolidated poorly sorted alluvial aquifer is a complex process, both physically and hydrochemically. The aim of this paper is to analyse and conceptualise vertical transport mechanisms taking place in an urban area of extensive wastewater infiltration by analysing and combining the water balance, the microbial (Escherichia(More)
The lack of proper on-site sanitation in unsewered low-income areas is becoming an important source of nutrient-rich wastewater leaching to groundwater and can potentially lead to eutrophication. For typical conditions in sub-Saharan Africa, the nutrient loading of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from on-site sanitation systems to aquifers is largely(More)