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The vertebrate body plan has conserved handed left-right (LR) asymmetry that is manifested in the heart, lungs, and gut. Leftward flow of extracellular fluid at the node (nodal flow) is critical for normal LR axis determination in the mouse. Nodal flow is generated by motile node cell monocilia and requires the axonemal dynein, left-right dynein (lrd). In(More)
A second gene for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was identified by positional cloning. Nonsense mutations in this gene (PKD2) segregated with the disease in three PKD2 families. The predicted 968-amino acid sequence of the PKD2 gene product has six transmembrane spans with intracellular amino- and carboxyl-termini. The PKD2 protein has amino(More)
DYX2 on 6p22 is the most replicated reading disability (RD) locus. By saturating a previously identified peak of association with single nucleotide polymorphism markers, we identified a large polymorphic deletion that encodes tandem repeats of putative brain-related transcription factor binding sites in intron 2 of DCDC2. Alleles of this compound repeat are(More)
Polycystin-2, the product of the gene mutated in type 2 autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), is the prototypical member of a subfamily of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel superfamily, which is expressed abundantly in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Here, we show by single channel studies that polycystin-2 behaves as a(More)
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a severe form of polycystic kidney disease that presents primarily in infancy and childhood and that is characterized by enlarged kidneys and congenital hepatic fibrosis. We have identified PKHD1, the gene mutated in ARPKD. PKHD1 extends over > or =469 kb, is primarily expressed in human fetal and(More)
PKD2, the second gene for the autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), encodes a protein, polycystin-2, with predicted structural similarity to cation channel subunits. However, the function of polycystin-2 remains unknown. We used polyclonal antisera specific for the intracellular NH(2) and COOH termini to identify polycystin-2 as an(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) describes a group of at least three genetically distinct disorders with almost identical clinical features1–6 that collectively affects 1:1,000 of the population7. Affected individuals typically develop large cystic kidneys and approximately one half develop end-stage renal disease by their seventh(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is the most common genetic cause of renal failure in humans. Several proteins that are encoded by genes associated with PKD have recently been identified in primary cilia in renal tubular epithelia. These findings have suggested that abnormalities in cilia formation and function may play a role in the pathogenesis of PKD. To(More)
Germline mutations in PKD2 cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. We have introduced a mutant exon 1 in tandem with the wild-type exon 1 at the mouse Pkd2 locus. This is an unstable allele that undergoes somatic inactivation by intragenic homologous recombination to produce a true null allele. Mice heterozygous and homozygous for this mutation,(More)