Stefan Schwartz

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PipMaker ( is a World-Wide Web site for comparing two long DNA sequences to identify conserved segments and for producing informative, high-resolution displays of the resulting alignments. One display is a percent identity plot (pip), which shows both the position in one sequence and the degree of similarity for each aligning segment(More)
The systematic comparison of genomic sequences from different organisms represents a central focus of contemporary genome analysis. Comparative analyses of vertebrate sequences can identify coding and conserved non-coding regions, including regulatory elements, and provide insight into the forces that have rendered modern-day genomes. As a complement to(More)
We have determined the molecular basis for Usher syndrome type 1F (USH1F) in two families segregating for this type of syndromic deafness. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, we placed the human homolog of the mouse protocadherin Pcdh15 in the linkage interval defined by the USH1F locus. We determined the genomic structure of this novel protocadherin,(More)
Vg1 mRNA translocation to the vegetal cortex of Xenopus oocytes requires intact microtubules, and a 3' UTR cis-acting element (termed VLE), which also mediates sequence-specific binding of several proteins. One protein, the 69-kD Vg1 RBP, associates Vg1 RNA to microtubules in vitro. Here we show that Vg1 RBP-binding sites correlate with vegetal(More)
Robertsonian translocations are the most common structural dicentric rearrangements in humans. The stability of these dicentrics is attributed to the inactivation of one centromere by mechanisms which are currently unknown. The presence and amounts of centromeric proteins (CENPs) differ between the centromeres of the few dicentrics which have been studied,(More)
A subset of patients with Angelman and Prader-Willi syndrome have apparently normal chromosomes of biparental origin, but abnormal DNA methylation at several loci within chromosome 15q11-13, and probably have a defect in imprinting. Using probes from a newly established 160-kb contig including D15S63 (PW71) and SNRPN, we have identified inherited(More)
BACKGROUND According to the international criteria for hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) diagnostics, cancer patients with a family history or early onset of colorectal tumours showing high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) should receive genetic counselling and be offered testing for germline mutations in DNA repair genes, mainly MLH1 and(More)
Chromosome-specific low-copy repeats, or duplicons, occur in multiple regions of the human genome. Homologous recombination between different duplicon copies leads to chromosomal rearrangements, such as deletions, duplications, inversions, and inverted duplications, depending on the orientation of the recombining duplicons. When such rearrangements cause(More)
AIM Canagliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor that is being investigated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, 28-day study conducted at two sites, in 29 subjects with T2DM not optimally controlled on insulin and up to one oral(More)
The pericentromeric regions of human chromosomes pose particular problems for both mapping and sequencing. These difficulties are due, in large part, to the presence of duplicated genomic segments that are distributed among multiple human chromosomes. To ensure contiguity of genomic sequence in these regions, we designed a sequence-based strategy to(More)