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INTRODUCTION Digital impression devices are used alternatively to conventional impression techniques and materials. The aims of this study were to evaluate the precision of digital intraoral scanning under clinical conditions (iTero; Align Technologies, San Jose, Calif) and to compare it with the precision of extraoral digitization. METHODS One patient(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate and analyze statistical shapes of the outer mandible contour of Caucasian and Chinese people, offering data for the production of preformed mandible reconstruction plates. METHODS A CT-database of 925 Caucasians (male: n=463, female: n=462) and 960 Chinese (male: n=469, female: n=491) including scans of(More)
OBJECTIVES In this study, the shape of the outer osseous nose in a German and a Chinese sample is analyzed using a dense set of semi-landmarks. Shape differences related to population and sex as well as directional and fluctuating asymmetry were statistically evaluated and also visualized. MATERIALS AND METHODS Shape differences in the bony nose were(More)
By accompanying human travels since prehistorical times, the house mouse dispersed widely throughout the world, and colonized many islands. The origin of the travellers determined the phylogenetic source of the insular mice, which encountered diverse ecological and environmental conditions on the various islands. Insular mice are thus an exceptional model(More)
External impact to the orbit may cause a blowout or zygomatico-maxillary fractures. Diagnosis and treatment of orbital wall fractures are based on both physical examination and computed tomography scan of the orbit. Injuries of the orbit often require a reconstruction of its orbital walls. Using computer-assisted techniques, anatomically preformed orbital(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluates the accuracy of a statistical shape model (SSM) for virtual fracture reconstruction of the lateral midface. MATERIALS AND METHODS A uniform bony defect of the right zygoma was created. A virtual reconstruction was performed by using the standard procedure of mirroring the unaffected to the affected side (Group I) and by using(More)
BACKGROUND Facial rejuvenation is an expanding field with an increasing number of treatment modalities. Several non-autologous filler materials are available for soft tissue augmentation. Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaOH) is aimed at increasing collagen neosynthesis and thereby producing long-term augmentation effects. Despite a multitude of observational(More)
The human zygomatic structure, consisting of the zygomatic bone and the zygomatic process of the temporal bone, is an essential part of the masticatory apparatus and has been shown to reflect population history and sexual dimorphism to varying degrees. In this study, we analyzed the predictive value of the outlines vs. the complete surface shape of the(More)
Intentional cranial deformations (ICD) were obtained by exerting external mechanical constraints on the skull vault during the first years of life to permanently modify head shape. The repercussions of ICD on the face are not well described in the midfacial region. Here we assessed the shape of the zygomatic bone in different types of ICDs. We considered 14(More)
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