Stefan Russwurm

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BACKGROUND Selenium plays an important role in defence against acute illness. We investigated, in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, the time course of plasma selenium concentrations and their relationship to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), organ dysfunction/failure, infection, and ICU outcome. METHODS Plasma selenium and laboratory(More)
Procalcitonin (PCT), the precursor of calcitonin, was recently put forward as a diagnostic marker of systemic bacterial infection and sepsis. The major PCT production site in sepsis still remains unclear. Because of a certain association between increased levels of PCT and leukocyte-derived cytokines during sepsis, we assessed the possible expression of PCT(More)
Platelet-derived microvesicles (PMV) that are shed from the plasma membrane of activated platelets, expose various platelet-type antigens on their surface and are able to adhere to other blood cells and endothelial cells. There are several clinical conditions with markedly increased numbers of PMV, e.g. acute coronary syndrome, thrombotic microangiopathy(More)
Procalcitonin (PCT) is a highly sensitive and specific marker of systemic bacterial infection and sepsis. In contrast to its diagnostic significance, the cellular sources of plasma procalcitonin remain to be clarified. Two forms of PCT mRNAs originate from calcitonin/calcitonin gene-related peptide gene (CALC-I gene) along with mRNA for calcitonin(More)
Patients (n=242) admitted to intensive care unit for longer than 48 hours were categorised for sepsis according to American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine (ACCP/SCCM) Consensus Conference criteria. Body temperature, leukocyte count, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) as well as tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
Although cytokines are known to be involved in the regulation of a variety of hepatocellular functions, hepatocytes themselves are generally considered only targets but not producers of these important mediators. In order to investigate whether cells of hepatocellular linages are a potential source of various regulatory cytokines we have estimated the(More)
To assess blood leucocytes gene profiling during recovery phase of septic shock; to test the relation between encoding gene expression and protein level. Gene expression levels were studied at days 0, 1, 7 and 28 (D0, 1, 7 and 28) on a dedicated microarray of 340 genes involved in inflammatory processes. 16-bed intensive care unit, Lariboisière University(More)
Microtubule disassembly is commonly believed to be a process of endwise tubulin dimer release. The present study demonstrates by video interference contrast microscopy that Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) caused microtubule disassembly in vitro by both endwise shortening and fragmentation. In contrast, the microtubules were only shortened from(More)
The search for sensitive and specific markers of systemic infection has shown that procalcitonin levels are increased in sepsis, and, consequently, this plasma protein has come into the focus of clinical research. Human procalcitonin is encoded by the Calc-l gene, which gives rise to two alternatively spliced transcripts. Despite systemic investigation of(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the extent of platelet-leukocyte adhesion and platelet, monocyte, and neutrophil activation in septic patients and to analyze whether these variables correlate with the severity of sepsis. Forty-seven patients consecutively admitted to the operative ICU of a University Medical Centre and 12 control patients prior to(More)