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Rhodococcus opacus 1CP, a potent degrader of (chloro-) aromatic compounds was found to utilise C10-C16 n-alkanes as sole carbon sources. Highest conversion rates were observed with n-tetradecane and n-hexadecane, whereas the utilisation of n-dodecane and n-decane was considerably slower. Thin-layer chromatography of organic extracts of n-alkane-grown 1CP(More)
Pseudomonas putida GJ31 is able to simultaneously grow on toluene and chlorobenzene. When cultures of this strain were inhibited with 3-fluorocatechol while growing on toluene or chlorobenzene, 3-methylcatechol or 3-chlorocatechol, respectively, accumulated in the medium. To establish the catabolic routes for these catechols, activities of enzymes of the(More)
Sequence analysis of a 9-kb genomic fragment of the actinobacterium Rhodococcus opacus 1CP led to identification of an open reading frame encoding a novel fusion protein, StyA2B, with a putative function in styrene metabolism via styrene oxide and phenylacetic acid. Gene cluster analysis indicated that the highly related fusion proteins of Nocardia(More)
Pseudomonas putida GJ31 contains an unusual catechol 2,3-dioxygenase that converts 3-chlorocatechol and 3-methylcatechol, which enables the organism to use both chloroaromatics and methylaromatics for growth. A 3.1-kb region of genomic DNA of strain GJ31 containing the gene for this chlorocatechol 2,3-dioxygenase (cbzE) was cloned and sequenced. The cbzE(More)
The genes responsible for the degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D) by alpha-Proteobacteria have previously been difficult to detect by using gene probes or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers. PCR products of the chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase gene, tfdC, now allowed cloning of two chlorocatechol gene clusters from the Sphingomonas sp.(More)
The subjects of the article are investigations concerning the ability of both Rhodococcus opacus 1CP and mixed bacterial cultures to use selected surfactants as sole carbon and energy source. In a comparative manner the biosurfactants rhamnolipid, sophorolipid and trehalose tetraester, and the synthetic surfactant Tween 80 were examined. Particular emphasis(More)
A genomic region involved in tetralin biodegradation was recently identified in Sphingomonas strain TFA. We have cloned and sequenced from this region a gene designated thnC, which codes for an extradiol dioxygenase required for tetralin utilization. Comparison to similar sequences allowed us to define a subfamily of 1, 2-dihydroxynaphthalene extradiol(More)
Chloromuconate cycloisomerases of bacteria utilizing chloroaromatic compounds are known to convert 3-chloro-cis,cis-muconate to cis-dienelactone (cis-4-carboxymethylenebut-2-en-4-olide), while usual muconate cycloisomerases transform the same substrate to the bacteriotoxic protoanemonin. Formation of protoanemonin requires that the cycloisomerization of(More)
The maleylacetate reductase of 3-chlorobenzoate-grown cells of Pseudomonas sp. strain B13 has been purified 50-fold. The enzyme converted 2-chloromaleylacetate to 3-oxoadipate with temporary occurrence of maleylacetate; 1 mol of chloride was eliminated during the conversion of 1 mol of 2-chloro- and 2,3-dichloromaleylacetate; 2 mol of NADH were consumed per(More)
A purification procedure for a new kind of extradiol dioxygenase, termed chlorocatechol 2,3-dioxygenase, that converts 3-chlorocatechol productively was developed. Structural and kinetic properties of the enzyme, which is part of the degradative pathway used for growth of Pseudomonas putida GJ31 with chlorobenzene, were investigated. The enzyme has a(More)