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The neuronal form of the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) synthesizes the messenger molecule nitric oxide (NO). In addition to NO formation, nNOS exhibits a so-called NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity. This study focused on the characterization of NADPH-d activity with regard to NO formation in the rat olfactory bulb. In this area of the brain(More)
Neuroglobin and cytoglobin are two recent additions to the family of heme-containing respiratory proteins of man and other vertebrates. Here, we review the present state of knowledge of the structures, ligand binding kinetics, evolution and expression patterns of these two proteins. These data provide a first glimpse into the possible physiological roles of(More)
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a critical role in obesity development. The pharmacological blockade of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB(1)) has been shown to reduce body weight and to alleviate obesity-related metabolic disorders. An unsolved question is at which anatomical level CB(1) modulates energy balance and the mechanisms involved in its(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is thought to be involved in the effects of amino acids at the level of cochlear hair cell afferents. Recently, the isoform of the NO-producing enzyme, neuronal NO synthase (nNOS), has been demonstrated in neuronal structures of the cochlea in rats and guinea pigs histochemically and immunohistochemically. To investigate the sources of(More)
Neuronal nitric oxide (NO), thought to be a neuroactive substance of high potency, is produced by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) which has been demonstrated to additionally exhibit a so-called NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity. Since physiological results pointed to the involvement of NO in circadian regulation, and morphological descriptions are(More)
Cytoglobin is a recently discovered vertebrate globin distantly related to myoglobin, and its function is unknown. Here we present the first detailed analysis of the distribution and expression of cytoglobin. Northern and Western blotting experiments show the presence of cytoglobin mRNA and protein in a broad range of tissues. Quantitative PCR demonstrates(More)
The distribution of perikarya showing substance P- (SP) or calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity (CGRP-LI) in the rat trigeminal ganglion (TG) were investigated by means of immunohistochemical methods. Approximately 50% of the perikarya contain CGRP while SP-LI was observed in 1/3 of the cells. IR fibres were seen to leave the ganglion via(More)
The circadian timing system is a neural network consisting of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus, aided by the retina, other hypothalamic nuclei, autonomic regions of the spinal cord, sympathetic ganglia and the pineal gland. Extensive studies conducted over the last two decades have unravelled the principal items of its functional neuroanatomy. The(More)
The present study evaluated chronic oral treatment of rats with haloperidol or clozapine. Drugs were given in the drinking water for a 23-day period. Rat behavior was analyzed once a week in an open field. Rats ingested either 1.7 mg/kg haloperidol or 40 mg/kg clozapine daily. Blood serum analysis revealed concentrations of 6 ng/ml for haloperidol and 22(More)
The retinohypothalamic tract (RHT) in the Djungarian hamster Phodopus sungorus was studied using anterograde neuronal transport of cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) following unilateral intraocular injection. A major projection terminates bilaterally in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). In the anterior ventral SCN, a light ipsilateral predominance(More)