Stefan Reinhart

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Sensory extinction is frequent and often persistent after brain damage. Previous studies have shown the transient influence of sensory stimulation on tactile extinction. In the present two case studies we investigated whether subliminal galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) modulates tactile extinction. GVS induces polarity-specific changes in cerebral(More)
Optokinetic stimulation (OKS) modulates many facets of the neglect syndrome. This sensory stimulation technique is known to activate multiple brain regions (temporo-parietal cortex, basal ganglia, brain stem, cerebellum) some of which are involved in auditory and visual space coding. Here, we evaluated whether OKS modulates auditory neglect transiently and(More)
Multiple epidemiological variables of 131 children with spina bifida born during 1970 and 1979 in a seven-county urban/rural region of south-western Ohio were analyzed retrospectively via personal interviews, hospital and clinic records, and birth and stillbirth certificates. The estimated incidence of spina bifida was 0.69/1000. It did not vary over the 10(More)
Stroke of the right cerebral hemisphere often causes deficits in the judgement of the subjective visual vertical (SVV) and subjective tactile vertical (STV) which are related to central vestibular functioning. Clinically, deficits in the SVV/STV are linked to balance problems and poor functional outcome. Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation (GVS) is a(More)
Tactile extinction is frequent, debilitating, and often persistent after brain damage. Currently, there is no treatment available for this disorder. In two previous case studies we showed an influence of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) on tactile extinction. Here, we evaluated in further patients the immediate and lasting effects of GVS on tactile(More)
UNLABELLED Background Neglect is associated with disability, unawareness, poor long-term outcome, and dependence from caregivers. No randomized trial has evaluated the effects of smooth pursuit eye movement training (SPT) and visual scanning training (VST) at the bedside on these variables. Objective To compare the effects of SPT and VST in postacute stroke(More)
BACKGROUND No treatment for auditory neglect and no randomized controlled trial evaluating smooth pursuit eye movement therapy (SPT) for multimodal neglect are available. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of SPT and visual scanning therapy (VST) on auditory and visual neglect in chronic stroke patients with neglect. METHODS A randomized, prospective(More)
Patients with homonymous hemianopia often show a contralesional shift towards their blind field when bisecting horizontal lines ('hemianopic line bisection error', HLBE). The reasons for this spatial bias are not well understood and debated. Eccentric fixation and adaptive orienting of eye movements towards the blind field have been suggested as(More)
Patients with right hemisphere lesions often omit or misread words on the left side of a text or the beginning letters of single words which is termed neglect dyslexia (ND). Two types of reading errors are typically observed in ND: omissions and word-based reading errors. The prior are considered as space-based omission errors on the contralesional side of(More)
Patients with right hemisphere lesions often omit or misread words on the left side of a text or the initial letters of single words, a phenomenon termed neglect dyslexia (ND). Omissions of words on the contralesional side of the page are considered as egocentric or space-based errors, whereas misread words can be viewed as a type of stimulus-centered error(More)