Stefan Raunser

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Regulation of myosin and filamentous actin interaction by tropomyosin is a central feature of contractile events in muscle and nonmuscle cells. However, little is known about molecular interactions within the complex and the trajectory of tropomyosin movement between its "open" and "closed" positions on the actin filament. Here, we report the 8 Å resolution(More)
Cellular membrane fusion is thought to proceed through intermediates including docking of apposed lipid bilayers, merging of proximal leaflets to form a hemifusion diaphragm, and fusion pore opening. A membrane-bridging four-helix complex of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) mediates fusion. However, how(More)
We present a major revision of the iterative helical real-space refinement (IHRSR) procedure and its implementation in the SPARX single particle image processing environment. We built on over a decade of experience with IHRSR helical structure determination and we took advantage of the flexible SPARX infrastructure to arrive at an implementation that offers(More)
A binary complex of the ammonia channel Amt1 from Methanococcus jannaschii and its cognate P(II) signalling protein GlnK1 has been produced and characterized. Complex formation is prevented specifically by the effector molecules Mg-ATP and 2-ketoglutarate. Single-particle electron microscopy of the complex shows that GlnK1 binds on the cytoplasmic side of(More)
Formins are actin polymerization factors that are known to nucleate and elongate actin filaments at the barbed end. In the present study we show that human FHOD1 lacks actin nucleation and elongation capacity, but acts as an actin bundling factor with capping activity toward the filament barbed end. Constitutively active FHOD1 associates with actin(More)
The glutamate transporters GltP(Ec) from Escherichia coli and GltP(Ph) from Pyrococcus horikoshii were overexpressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity with a yield of 1-2 mg/L of culture. Single-particle analysis and electron microscopy indicate that GltP(Ph) is a trimer in detergent solution. Electron microscopy of negatively stained GltP(Ph)(More)
Rasal, belonging to the GAP1 subfamily of Ras GTPase-activating proteins (RasGAPs) with dual RasGAP/RapGAP specificity, is epigenetically silenced in several tumor types. Surprisingly, the isolated protein has GAP activity on Rap but not on Ras. Its membrane recruitment is regulated by interaction with calcium and lipids, which simultaneously induces its(More)
The glutamate transporter GLT-1 from Rattus norvegicus was expressed at high level in BHK cells using the Semliki Forest virus expression system. BHK cells infected with viral particles carrying the GLT-1 gene exhibited 30-fold increased aspartate uptake compared to control cells. The expression level of GLT-1 as determined by binding of labelled substrate(More)
Inherited cardiomyopathies are caused by point mutations in sarcomeric gene products, including α-cardiac muscle actin (ACTC1). We examined the biochemical and cell biological properties of the α-cardiac actin mutations Y166C and M305L identified in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Untagged wild-type (WT) cardiac actin, and the Y166C and M305L mutants(More)
The major light-harvesting chlorophyll-a/b complex in most higher plants contains three carotenoids, lutein, neoxanthin, and violaxanthin. How these pigments are assembled into the complex during its biogenesis is largely unknown. Here we show that neoxanthin but not lutein can dissociate from the fully assembled complex. Its equilibrium binding constant in(More)