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The ability of mu-opioid agonists to activate G proteins has been demonstrated by studying the binding of the GTP analogue guanosine-5'-O-(3-[35S]thio)triphosphate ([35S]GTP gamma S) to membranes from the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. The potent opioid agonist fentanyl caused an approximate doubling of basal [35S]GTP gamma S binding in a(More)
In this study we have quantitatively assessed the basal turnover of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) and M3-muscarinic receptor-mediated changes in phosphoinositides in the human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y. We demonstrate that the polyphosphoinositides represent a minor fraction of the total cellular phosphoinositide pool and that(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) comprise a family of seven mammalian serine/threonine protein kinases that phosphorylate and regulate agonist-occupied or constitutively active G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Studies of the details and consequences of these mechanisms have focused heavily on the original beta-adrenoceptor kinase (beta-ARK)(More)
Diverse patterns of Ca(2+)(i) release differentially regulate Ca(2+)-sensitive enzymes and gene transcription, and generally the extent of agonist activation of phospholipase C-linked G protein-coupled receptors determines the type of Ca(2+) signal. We have studied global Ca(2+) oscillations arising through activation of the metabotropic glutamate receptor(More)
Previously we have shown that G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) 6 plays a major role in the regulation of the human M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3 mAChR) in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y. However, 30-fold overexpression of the catalytically inactive, dominant-negative K215RGRK6 produced only a 50% suppression of M3 mAChR phosphorylation(More)
1. The properties of specific Ins(1,4,5)P3- and Ins(1,3,4,5)P4-binding sites have been compared in a crude 'P2' cerebellar membrane fraction. 2. A homogeneous population of [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3-binding sites was present (KD 23.1 +/- 3.6 nM) at high density (Bmax. 11.9 +/- 1.8 pmol/mg of protein); whereas data obtained for [32P]Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 specific binding(More)
We have investigated the effects of G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) 3 and GRK6 on the phosphorylation and regulation of the M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mACh) endogenously expressed in SH-SY5Y cells. Overexpression of GRK3 or GRK6 enhanced M3 mACh receptor phosphorylation after high-concentration methacholine (100 microM, 1 min) addition.(More)
Carbachol stimulation of muscarinic receptors in rat cortical slices prelabelled with myo-[2-3H]inositol caused the rapid formation of a novel inositol polyphosphate. Evidence derived from its chromatographic behaviour, and from the structure of the products formed in partial dephosphorylation experiments, suggests that it is probably D-myo-inositol(More)