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G-protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) comprise a family of seven mammalian serine/threonine protein kinases that phosphorylate and regulate agonist-occupied or constitutively active G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Studies of the details and consequences of these mechanisms have focused heavily on the original beta-adrenoceptor kinase (beta-ARK)(More)
In this study we have quantitatively assessed the basal turnover of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) and M3-muscarinic receptor-mediated changes in phosphoinositides in the human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y. We demonstrate that the polyphosphoinositides represent a minor fraction of the total cellular phosphoinositide pool and that(More)
The intracellular concentration of free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) displays complex fluctuations in response to a variety of stimuli, and acts as a pluripotent signal for many neuronal functions. It is well established that various 'metabotropic' neurotransmitter receptors can mediate the mobilization of Ca2+ stores via actions of inositol-polyphosphate second(More)
Diverse patterns of Ca(2+)(i) release differentially regulate Ca(2+)-sensitive enzymes and gene transcription, and generally the extent of agonist activation of phospholipase C-linked G protein-coupled receptors determines the type of Ca(2+) signal. We have studied global Ca(2+) oscillations arising through activation of the metabotropic glutamate receptor(More)
Previously we have shown that G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) 6 plays a major role in the regulation of the human M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3 mAChR) in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y. However, 30-fold overexpression of the catalytically inactive, dominant-negative K215RGRK6 produced only a 50% suppression of M3 mAChR phosphorylation(More)
1. The properties of specific Ins(1,4,5)P3- and Ins(1,3,4,5)P4-binding sites have been compared in a crude 'P2' cerebellar membrane fraction. 2. A homogeneous population of [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3-binding sites was present (KD 23.1 +/- 3.6 nM) at high density (Bmax. 11.9 +/- 1.8 pmol/mg of protein); whereas data obtained for [32P]Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 specific binding(More)
Mouse L-fibroblast cells stably transfected with either type 1 Ins(1, 4,5)P(3) receptor (InsP(3)R) cDNA (L15) or the vector control (Lvec) have been used to investigate the functional consequences of increased InsP(3)R density on receptor-mediated Ca(2+) signalling. L15 cells express approx. 8-fold higher levels of the type 1 InsP(3)R compared with Lvec(More)
The metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors mGlu1 and mGlu5 mediate distinct inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) and Ca(2+) signaling patterns, governed in part by differential mechanisms of feedback regulation after activation. Single cell imaging has shown that mGlu1 receptors initiate sustained elevations in IP(3) and Ca(2+), which are sensitive to(More)
1. Different expression levels of the human type 1alpha metabotropic glutamate (mGlu1alpha) receptor were obtained in transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells using an isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) inducible system. Expression of mGlu1alpha receptors could not be detected using immunoblotting or immunocytochemical approaches in non-induced(More)