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OBJECT The authors propose a novel surgical approach for amygdalohippocampectomy (AH) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Via a transsylvian-transcisternal route, the parahippocampal gyrus is directly exposed from its medial aspect, thus allowing a standardized en bloc resection of the temporomesial epileptogenic structures--the amygdala, anterior(More)
The experimental antiepileptic drug, levetiracetam (UCB L059), a piracetam analogue has been investigated in photosensitive patients in the "photosensitivity model", an early phase II study. A total of 12 patients (10 females, 2 males) with a mean age of 21.5 years (range 13-38) were investigated during a 3 day period in 3 centres (France, The Netherlands,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cardiac arrhythmias mediated by the sympathetic nervous system have been implicated in sudden, unexplained deaths in patients with epilepsy. Cerebral blood flow velocities (CBFV) as measured by transcranial Doppler are characterized by slow spontaneous oscillations in part attributed to changes in sympathetic activity (M waves, 3 to 9(More)
We report on a 33-year-old female suffering from frequent complex-partial seizures who developed a non-convulsive status epilepticus after one week of antiepileptic therapy with valproate (VPA) which had been added to a basic medication with barbexaclone (BBC) in rapidly increasing dosage. The electroencephalogram (EEG) showed continuous rhythmic(More)
A technique to record from the mesio-basal aspect of the temporal lobe by a subdural electrode inserted through the foramen ovale (FO) is described. For this purpose a special electrode was developed that, in addition, allowed epicortical DC recording. After having tested its value experimentally in dogs with penicillin-induced hippocampal seizure foci,(More)
PURPOSE Data in the literature concerning metabolic demand during generalized spike-wave activity (gSW) are conflicting. We investigated instantaneous changes in cerebral blood flow velocities (CBFV) in both middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) during gSW paroxysms recorded by scalp EEG. METHODS In 13 patients, CBFVs in(More)
AIM In contrast to medically refractory complex partial seizures (CPS), only limited knowledge exists on cerebral perfusion and metabolism in medically non-refractory CPS. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of temporal asymmetries in regional cerebral glucose consumption (rCMRGlc), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), and regional(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the human brain is mainly used for the diagnosis of diseases with disturbed central motor conduction. Recent studies revealed controversial results concerning the possibility of a TMS-induced specific activation of epileptogenic foci in patients with localization-related epilepsies, which would make TMS an(More)
Oxcarbazepine (OXC) is considered to be a promising new antiepileptic drug with similar efficacy and better tolerability compared to carbamazepine (CBZ). However, hyponatremia is supposed to occur even more often than with CBZ. We report on a patient who developed hyponatremic coma under OXC with a serum sodium level of 115 mmol/l, the second published case(More)