Stefan Quasthoff

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Hereditary spastic paraplegia (SPG) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders that are clinically characterised by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower-limbs (pure SPG) and, majoritorian, additional more extensive neurological or non-neurological manifestations (complex or complicated SPG). Pure SPG is(More)
The chemotherapeutic oxaliplatin causes a sensory-motor neuropathy with predominantly hyperpathic symptoms. The mechanism underlying this hyperexcitability was investigated using rat sensory nerve preparations, dorsal root ganglia and hippocampal neurons. Oxaliplatin resulted in an increase of the amplitude and duration of compound action potentials. It(More)
The induction of peripheral neuropathy is a common factor in limiting therapy with chemotherapeutic drugs. Little is known about the mechanisms responsible for the development of neuropathy. Depending on the substance used, a pure sensory and painful neuropathy (with cisplatin, oxaliplatin, carboplatin) or a mixed sensorimotor neuropathy with or without(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the four-and-a-half LIM domain 1 gene (FHL1) cause X-linked late-onset scapuloaxioperoneal myopathy characterized by postural muscle atrophy with rigid spine syndrome with pseudoathleticism/hypertrophy (XMPMA), reducing body myopathy (RBM), and scapuloperoneal myopathy. Divergences in these diseases are hitherto unclear; therefore,(More)
We have identified a large multigenerational Austrian family displaying a novel form of X-linked recessive myopathy. Affected individuals develop an adult-onset scapulo-axio-peroneal myopathy with bent-spine syndrome characterized by specific atrophy of postural muscles along with pseudoathleticism or hypertrophy and cardiac involvement. Known X-linked(More)
Neurotoxicity is the most frequent dose-limiting toxicity of oxaliplatin. Acute neurotoxicity is characterized by the rapid onset of cold-induced distal dysesthesia and/or paresthesia. Sensory symptoms may also be accompanied by cold-dependent muscular contractions of the extremities or the jaw. The symptoms, often occurring during or shortly after(More)
The sensorimotor neuropathy of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth type (CMT) is the most common hereditary disorder of the peripheral nervous system. The X-linked dominant form of CMT (CMTX) is associated with mutations in the gene for the gap junction protein connexin32. We examined four CMTX pedigrees two of which had potentially novel mutations in the only coding(More)
The blocking efficacy of 4,9-anhydro-TTX (4,9-ah-TTX) and TTX on several isoforms of voltage-dependent sodium channels, expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, was tested (Na(v1.2), Na(v1.3), Na(v1.4), Na(v1.5), Na(v1.6), Na(v1.7), and Na(v1.8)). Generally, TTX was 40-231 times more effective, when compared with 4,9-ah-TTX, on a given isoform. An exception was(More)
An abnormal axonal membrane conductance might contribute to human diabetic neuropathy. To test this idea, we have compared the threshold changes produced by long-lasting (100-200 ms) de- and hyperpolarizing currents applied to median motor and sensory axons at the wrist in 63 diabetic patients with those from 50 normal controls and 27 amyotrophic lateral(More)
Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication in diabetes mellitus. Diabetic neuropathy is accompanied by alterations in axonal excitability, which can lead to either "positive" (paresthesia, dysesthesia, pain) and/or "negative" (hypesthesia, anesthesia) symptoms. The mechanisms underlying these alterations in axonal excitability are not well understood.(More)