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Extracts obtained from the roots of Berberidaceae species have been used in Eastern and Bulgarian folk medicine in rheumatic and other chronic inflammatory disorders. The investigations of the chemical composition and immunological properties show that their activity is mainly due to the alkaloid constituents. In the present study the anti-inflammatory(More)
Hairy root cultures were obtained from diploid and induced tetraploid plants of Datura stramonium and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Twenty alkaloids (19 for diploid and 9 for tetraploid hairy root cultures) were identified. A new tropane ester 3-tigloyloxy-6-propionyloxy-7-hydroxytropane was identified on the basis of mass spectral data.(More)
Alkaloids, GS-MS, Datura stramonium The alkaloid spectrum in roots, leaves and seeds of Datura stramonium L. was investigated by GC-MS. Twenty-nine tropane alkaloids are detected. Twelve of them are new constituents for the species and the two tropane esters 3-(3'-acetoxytropoyloxy)tropane (21) and 3-(2'-hydroxytropoyloxy)tropane (26) are described for the(More)
The immunosuppressive action of aporphinoid alkaloid oxoglaucine was studied in experimental Candida albicans (C. albicans) infection in mice. The alkaloid augmented host resistance to pathogen applied to mice (6-8 weeks of age) at a low dose of 2 mg kg(-1) in 3 days and impaired it at a high dose of 10 mg kg(-1). The suppressive activity observed under the(More)
The main alkaloids isopyruthaline (It1), fangchinoline (It2) and isothalictrine (It3), isolated from Isopyrum thalictroides (L.) were investigated in complement-mediated reactions. The alkaloids influenced the alternative pathway (AP) activity in normal human serum (NHS). They enhanced the inhibitory action of complement activators--carrageenan (Car),(More)
Eleven bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BBI) were isolated from the plant Isopyrum thalictroides (L.). Treatment of normal human serum (NHS) with BBI resulted in a diminution of the haemolytic activity of the classical pathway (CP). The mode of action of the main alkaloids isopyruthaline (It1), fangchinoline (It2) and isotalictrine (It3) on CP activation(More)
The protoberberine alkaloid berberine is isolated as a main alkaloid from the roots and bark of Berberis vulgaris. Berberine strongly inhibited in vitro the proliferative response of mouse spleen cells to T-dependent mitogens concanavalin A (Con A) and phytochemagglutinin (PHA). Spleen cells obtained from berberine-treated mice (10 mg/kg/3 days) expressed(More)
The aporphine alkaloid glaucine has been converted into 3-aminomethylglaucine and its free amino group has been linked to cinnamic, ferulic, sinapic, o-, and p-coumaric acids. The antioxidative potential of the synthesized amides was studied against DPPH(*) test. All of the tested compounds demonstrated higher radical scavenging activity than glaucine and(More)
In recent years, phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase III beta (PI4KB) has emerged as a conserved target of anti-picornavirus compounds. In the present study, PI4KB was identified as the direct target of the plant-derived anti-picornavirus compounds, oxoglaucine and pachypodol (also known as Ro 09-0179). PI4KB was also identified as the target via which pachypodol(More)
The antimicrobial and immunological properties of ethanol extracts, non-alkaloid, tertiary alkaloid and quaternary alkaloid fractions, obtained from roots and aerial parts of Isopyrum thalictroides were examined. The non-alkaloid fraction from aerial parts inhibited the growth of seven test microorganisms and was the most effective suppressor of classical(More)