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Information on statistical power is critical when planning investigations and evaluating empirical data, but actual power estimates are rarely presented in population genetic studies. We used computer simulations to assess and evaluate power when testing for genetic differentiation at multiple loci through combining test statistics or P values obtained by(More)
Previous studies have reported higher levels of divergence for microsatellites than for allozymes in several species, suggested to reflect stabilizing selection on the allozymes. We compared the differentiation patterns of 11 allozyme and nine microsatellite loci using 679 spawning Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) collected in the Baltic and North Seas to(More)
The genetic relationships among 337 northern pike (Esox lucius) collected from the coastal zone of the central Baltic region and the Finnish islands of Aland were analysed using five microsatellite loci. Spatial structure was delineated using both traditional F-statistics and individually based approaches including spatial autocorrelation analysis. Our(More)
Temporal genetic data may be used forestimating effective population size (N e) and for addressing the `temporal stability' of population structure, two issues of central importance for conservation and management. In this paper we assess the amount of spatio-temporal genetic variation at 17 di-allelic allozyme loci and estimate current N e in two(More)
The pattern for distribution of genetic variation within and between populations is referred to as the genetic population structure of the species. To avoid depletion of genetic resources sustainable management should be based on knowledge of this structure. We discuss key aspects of genetic population structure in the context of identifying biological(More)
Noble crayfish (Astacus astacus L.), the most highly valued freshwater crayfish in Europe, is threatened due to a long-term population decline caused mainly by the spread of crayfish plague. Reintroduction of the noble crayfish into restored waters is a common practice but the geographic and genetic origin of stocking material has rarely been considered,(More)
Hintergrund: Fehler sind in der Medizin allgegenwärtig und stellen ein komplexes, multifaktorielles Geschen dar. Sie bedeuten ein erhebliches Risiko für den Patienten und haben enorme wirtschaftliche Konsequenzen für die Leistungserbringer. Systembezogener Ansatz: Unerwünschte Ereignisse haben ihre Ursache in der Regel nicht in einem einzelnen(More)
Decreased fitness due to loss of genetic variation is a well recognised issue in conservation biology. Along the Swedish west coast, the endangered natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) occurs on, for the species, highly unusual habitat of rocky islands. Although the toads inhabit a restricted geographical area (maximum distance between the populations is 71 km),(More)
There is ample evidence that organisms adapt to their native environment when gene flow is restricted. However, evolution of plastic responses across discrete environments is less well examined. We studied divergence in means and plasticity across wild and hatchery populations of sea-run brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a common garden experiment with two(More)
The evolution of life-history traits is characterized by trade-offs between different selection pressures, as well as plasticity across environmental conditions. Yet, studies on local adaptation are often performed under artificial conditions, leaving two issues unexplored: (i) how consistent are laboratory inferred local adaptations under natural(More)