Stefan P. Koch

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In human adults, voices are processed in specialized brain regions in superior temporal cortices. We examined the development of this cortical organization during infancy by using near-infrared spectroscopy. In experiment 1, 7-month-olds but not 4-month-olds showed increased responses in left and right superior temporal cortex to the human voice when(More)
Understanding the rapidly developing building blocks of speech perception in infancy requires a close look at the auditory prerequisites for speech sound processing. Pioneering studies have demonstrated that hemispheric specializations for language processing are already present in early infancy. However, whether these computational asymmetries can be(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate the neural correlates of lucid dreaming. DESIGN Parallel EEG/fMRI recordings of night sleep. SETTING Sleep laboratory and fMRI facilities. PARTICIPANTS Four experienced lucid dreamers. INTERVENTIONS N/A. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS Out of 4 participants, one subject had 2 episodes of verified lucid REM sleep of(More)
A prompt behavioral response to a stimulus depends both on the salience of the stimulus as well as the subject's preparedness. Thus, both stimulus properties and cognitive factors, such as attention, may determine the strength of neuronal synchronization in the gamma range. For a comprehensive investigation of stimulus-response processing through(More)
To investigate the regulation of the hemodynamic response to functional stimulation, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) has been used, due to its ability to assess the dynamics of oxygenated, deoxygenated and total hemoglobin concentration ([oxy-Hb], [deoxy-Hb] and [tot-Hb]). Concerning the latency of these parameters, recent studies have(More)
Non-invasive optical imaging of brain function has been promoted in a number of fields in which functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is limited due to constraints induced by the scanning environment. Beyond physiological and psychological research, bedside monitoring and neurorehabilitation may be relevant clinical applications that are yet little(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the inhalation of formaldehyde has a neurotoxicological impact. Forty Wistar rats (Lew.1/K) were trained to find food in a maze within a particular time. When all animals were at an equal level, 13 rats inhaled 2.6 ppm and 13 others inhaled 4.6 ppm formaldehyde 10 min/d, 7 d/week for 90 d. The control group(More)
Vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) mediates contact inhibition of cell growth in quiescent endothelial cell layers. Searching for proteins that could be involved in VE-cadherin signaling, we found the cytosolic C-terminal Src kinase (Csk), a negative regulator of Src family kinases. We show that Csk binds via its SH2 domain to the phosphorylated(More)
We performed an electroencephalography and optical topography study simultaneously exploring electrophysiological and vascular response magnitude as a function of stimulus frequency. To elicit a response in the visual cortex, subjects were exposed to flicker frequencies varying from 1 to 25 Hz (1 Hz steps, eyes closed). Extending the standard view to(More)
In order to elucidate the self assembly process of plant epicuticular waxes, and the molecular arrangement within the crystals, re-crystallisation of wax platelets was studied on biological and non-biological surfaces. Wax platelets were extracted from the leaf blades of wheat (Triticum aestivum L., c.v. ‘Naturastar’, Poaceae). Waxes were analysed by gas(More)