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OBJECTIVE In this feasibility study, we investigate possible femtosecond laser thrombolysis. BACKGROUND DATA Because of low pulse energies, femtosecond laser surgery inherently minimizes side effects on the surrounding tissue. Moreover, current femtosecond laser sources as well as fiber technology allow consideration of catheter-based treatments. (More)
The key requirement for harnessing the quantum properties of light is the capability to detect and count individual photons. Of particular interest are photon-number-resolving detectors, which allow one to determine whether a state of light is classical or genuinely quantum. Existing schemes for addressing this challenge rely on a proportional conversion of(More)
Topological insulators are a new phase of matter, with the striking property that conduction of electrons occurs only on their surfaces. In two dimensions, electrons on the surface of a topological insulator are not scattered despite defects and disorder, providing robustness akin to that of superconductors. Topological insulators are predicted to have(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reduced plantar sensation on pressure distribution patterns during gait of 40 healthy subjects (25.3+/-3.3 yr, 70.8+/-10.6 kg and 176.5+/-7.8 cm) with no history of sensory disorders. Plantar sensation in the subjects was reduced by using an ice immersion approach, and reduced sensitivity was(More)
We report on a 2.3 m long air-clad ytterbium-doped large-modearea photonic crystal fiber laser generating up to 80 W output power with a slope efficiency of 78%. Single transverse mode operation is achieved with a mode-field area of 350 microm2. No thermo-optical limitations are observed at the extracted ~35W/m, therefore such fibers allow scaling to even(More)
The observation of discrete spatial solitons in fs laser written waveguide arrays in fused silica is reported for the .rst time. The fs writing process permits the speci.c setting of the linear and nonlinear guiding properties of the waveguides. The results in this paper reveal a new avenue for the fabrication of various nonlinear optical devices.
With tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses, waveguides are fabricated in fused silica. The guiding and attenuation properties of these waveguides at wavelengths of 514 nm and 1.5 microm are studied. We demonstrate that by changing only the writing speed, waveguides with a controllable mode number can be produced.
Dynamic localization is the suppression of the broadening of a charged-particle wave packet as it moves along a periodic potential in an a.c. electric field 1–3. The same effect occurs for optical beams in curved photonic lattices, where the lattice bending has the role of the driving field, and leads to the cancellation of diffraction 4–8. Dynamic(More)
We report on a novel ytterbium-doped fiber design that combines the advantages of rod and fiber gain media. The fiber design has outer dimensions of a rod laser, meaning a diameter in the range of a few millimeters and a length of just a few tens of centimeters, and includes two important waveguide structures, one for pump radiation and one for laser(More)
The observation of a two-dimensional discrete soliton in a cubic 5 x 5 fs laser written waveguide array in fused silica is reported for the first time. In addition to the localization the sharp edges of the array allow to study the influence of the array's boundaries. The results are in excellent agreement with theoretical predictions and provide the basis(More)