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A DNA microarray was designed for the rapid genotyping of Staphylococcus aureus. It covers 185 distinct genes and about 300 alleles thereof, including species-specific controls, accessory gene regulator (agr) alleles, genes encoding virulence factors, and microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules, capsule type-specific genes, as(More)
In total, 100 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from diverse cases of skin and soft-tissue infection at a university hospital in Saxony, Germany, were characterised using diagnostic microarrays. Virulence factors, including Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), were detected and the isolates were assigned to clonal groups. Thirty isolates were positive for the(More)
Within the last few years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains encoding Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) have emerged and spread worldwide. This epidemic can be attributed to a small number of distinct clones. The present study used a novel assay, based on multiplex linear DNA amplification and subsequent microarray hybridisation, to(More)
A diagnostic microarray was used to characterise a collection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from hospitals in the German region of Eastern Saxony. The most abundant epidemic MRSA (EMRSA) strains were ST5-MRSA II (Rhine-Hesse EMRSA, EMRSA-3), CC5/ST228-MRSA I (South German EMRSA), ST22-MRSA IV (Barnim EMRSA, EMRSA-15) and(More)
In recent years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have become a truly global challenge. In addition to the long-known healthcare-associated clones, novel strains have also emerged outside of the hospital settings, in the community as well as in livestock. The emergence and spread of virulent clones expressing Panton-Valentine leukocidin(More)
Blastocystis is a common unicellular intestinal parasite in humans. Its clinical relevance is still subject to discussion with numerous conflicting reports on its ability to cause disease. A remarkable genetic heterogeneity among isolates suggests an association between distinct subtypes (STs) and pathogenicity, although a clear correlation between symptoms(More)
Between 2003 and 2008, 76 clinical isolates of the Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus strain 'West Australian methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-12' (WA MRSA-12) were recovered from 72 patients living in the Perth area in Western Australia. These isolates were found to belong to multilocus sequence type 8, and had a(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most relevant pathogens causing clinical and subclinical, chronic mastitis in dairy animals. Routinely, mastitis pathogens are isolated and classified to genus or species level, and regarded as single entities. However, S. aureus includes a broad range of genotypes with distinct pathogenic and epidemiologic(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of surgical site infections (SSIs). The association between S. aureus genotypes and the severity of illness is, however, incompletely understood. The aim of the study was to genotype S. aureus isolates from deep SSI in orthopaedic patients to identify molecular markers associated with invasive S. aureus infections.(More)
This study evaluated a DNA oligonucleotide array that recognised 38 different Staphylococcus aureus targets, including all relevant resistance determinants and some toxins and species-specific controls. A new method for labelling sample DNA, based on a linear multiplex amplification that incorporated biotin-labelled dUTP into the amplicon, was established,(More)