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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of CYP2B6 polymorphisms (according to ethnicity) and the influence of heterozygosity and homozygosity on plasma concentrations of efavirenz and nevirapine. METHODS Following written informed consent, 225 Caucasians and 146 Blacks were recruited from the German Competence Network for(More)
The "D drug" HIV reverse-transcriptase inhibitors zalcitabine, didanosine, and stavudine are relatively strong inhibitors of polymerase-gamma compared with the "non-D drugs" zidovudine, lamivudine, and abacavir. D drugs deplete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in cultured hepatocytes. This mtDNA depletion is associated with an increased in vitro production of(More)
The current preferred treatment for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is combination therapy consisting of pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin (RBV) for 24-48 weeks. Although this approach appears to be highly effective for patients with HCV genotypes 2 or 3, who have a sustained virological response (SVR) of approximately 80%, the treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B coinfection is common in HIV-positive individuals and as antiretroviral therapy has made death due to AIDS less common, hepatitis has become increasingly important. Several drugs are available to treat hepatitis B. The most potent and the one with the lowest risk of resistance appears to be tenofovir (TDF). However there are several(More)
Fibrosis progression after acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with follow-up >9 months became similar to reported rates from studies in chronic HIV/HCV coinfection, as measured with transient elastometry. The duration of follow-up and serum alanine transaminase correlated with liver stiffness, and(More)
HBsAg clearance is associated with clinical cure of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Quantification of HBsAg may help to predict HBsAg clearance during the natural course of HBV infection and during antiviral therapy. Most studies investigating quantitative HBsAg were performed in HBV mono-infected patients. However, the immune status is(More)
Motor tests comprising the analysis of postural tremor, most rapid voluntary alternating index finger movements (MRAM) and the rise time of most rapid index finger extensions (CT) allow us to quantify HIV-associated minor motor deficits electrophysiologically. The electrophysiological results in 57 HIV-positive individuals who acquired HIV infection by(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Individualization of treatment with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C showed benefit in controlled trials and was implemented in treatment guidelines to increase response rates and to reduce side effects and costs. However, it is unknown whether individualization was adopted in routine daily practice(More)
BACKGROUND Previous trials have often defined genotype 2 and 3 patients as an "easy to treat" group and guidelines recommend similar management. AIMS The present study looks for differences between the two genotypes and analyzes predictive factors for SVR. METHODS Prospective, community-based cohort study involving 421 physicians throughout Germany. The(More)
Faldaprevir is an investigational hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitor which, when administered for 24 weeks in combination with pegylated interferon α-2a and ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) in treatment-naive patients in a prior study (SILEN-C1; M. S. Sulkowski et al., Hepatology 57:2143-2154, 2013, doi:10.1002/hep.26276), achieved sustained virologic(More)