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SCOPE: This course will provide an introduction into the fields of plasmonic and plasmonic metamaterials. Starting with elementary descriptions of these two revolutionary concepts of nanophotonics, a survey of the current state-of-the-art will be provided. This will include descriptions of nanophotonic waveguides and cavities, surface-enhanced sensing(More)
Savanna ecosystems comprise 22% of the global terrestrial surface and 25% of Australia (almost 1.9 million km2) and provide significant ecosystem services through carbon and water cycles and the maintenance of biodiversity. The current structure, composition and distribution of Australian savannas have coevolved with fire, yet remain driven by the dynamic(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the vagal nerve in the autonomic nervous system is widely well known. Recently, an additional function was revealed serving as a connector between the nervous and immune system. This connection is called the "cholinergic inflammatory pathway." Through stimulation of the acetylcholine receptors located upon the macrophages, the(More)
CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) and its two ligands, CCL17 and CCL22, are critically involved in different immune processes. In models of lipopolysaccharide-induced shock, CCR4-deficient (CCR4(-/-)) mice showed improved survival rates associated with attenuated proinflammatory cytokine release. Using CCR4(-/-) mice with a C57BL/6 background, this study(More)
TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) influences several inflammatory reactions by partially still unknown mechanisms. TRAIL is produced and expressed by several cells of the immune system. Murine Colon Ascendens Stent Peritonitis (CASP) represents a hyperinflammatory model of diffuse peritonitis. As we have shown previously, TRAIL strongly improves(More)
Sepsis remains a persistent problem on intensive care units all over the world. Understanding the complex mechanisms of sepsis is the precondition for establishing new therapeutic approaches in this field. Therefore, animal models are required that are able to closely mimic the human disease and also sufficiently deal with scientific questions. The Colon(More)
In cooperative perception systems, different vehicles share object data obtained by their local environment perception sensors, like radar or lidar, via wireless communication. Inaccurate self-localizations of the vehicles complicate association of locally perceived objects and objects detected and transmitted by other vehicles. In this paper, a method for(More)
— This paper adresses the issue of modelling and identification of individual driver steering behaviour from a new point of view, incorporating the idea of human motion being built up by an individual and limited repertoire of learned patterns. We introduce a switched affine model structure to explain a measurable motion alphabet in the driving context and(More)
The particular importance of the vagus nerve for the pathophysiology of peritonitis becomes more and more apparent. In this work we provide evidence for the vagal modulation of inflammation in the murine model of colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP). Vagotomy significantly increases mortality in polymicrobial sepsis. This effect is not accounted for by(More)