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An automatic system for detecting and counting sister chromatid exchanges in human chromosomes has been developed. Metaphase chromosomes from lymphocytes which had incorporated 5-bromodeoxyuridine for two replication cycles were treated with the dye 33258 Hoechst and photodegraded so that the sister chromatids exhibited differential Giemsa staining. A(More)
The halogenated thymidine (dT) analogue, 5-bromodeoxy-uridine (BUdR), has a variety of effects on mammalian cells, including toxicity, suppression of differentiation, and mutagenesis. Although it is generally assumed that the effects of BUdR are due primarily to its presence in DNA, results from our laboratory have raised doubts about such assumptions. We(More)
We have cloned a 2.0-kb EcoRI fragment of human genomic DNA (NB-19-21) which has homology to the v-myc oncogene but is distinct from the classical c-myc gene. This sequence is amplified from 25- to 700-fold in eight of nine tested human neuroblastoma cell lines which contain either homogeneously staining regions or double minutes (HSRs or DMs), the(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive genetic disorder for which the biochemical defect is as yet unknown. Recently, two cloned segments of human X-chromosome DNA have been described which detect structural alterations within or near the genetic locus responsible for the disorder. Both of these cloned segments were described as tightly(More)
Human factor VIII--von Willebrand factor (vWF) is a large, multimeric glycoprotein that plays a central role in the blood coagulation system, serving both as a carrier for factor VIIIC (antihemophilic factor) and as a major mediator of platelet-vessel wall interaction. Diminished or abnormal vWF activity results in von Willebrand's disease (vWD), a common(More)
Complementary DNAs (cDNAs) encoding portions of the amyloid beta protein were used to investigate possible amyloid gene duplication in sporadic Alzheimer's disease. A strategy employing two Eco RI restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) detected by the amyloid cDNAs was used. RFLPs allow the detection of a 2:1 gene dosage in the DNA of any(More)
We have characterized a variant Burkitt lymphoma in which translocation joins the immunoglobulin kappa locus on chromosome 2 to the c-myc gene on chromosome 8. This Burkitt lymphoma is especially interesting because, in contrast to the more common lymphomas that carry 8;14 translocations, it carries a translocation that involves a light chain locus and(More)