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Clinical studies on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) that include schizophrenia patients primarily on the basis of negative symptoms are uncommon. However, those studies are necessary to assess the efficacy of CBT on negative symptoms. This article first gives an overview of CBT on negative symptoms and discusses the methodological problems of selecting(More)
In first-episode schizophrenia the advantage of new atypical neuroleptics compared to low-dose haloperidol as well as the indicated duration of neuroleptic maintenance treatment has still to be based on empirical evidence. Accordingly, a multi-center study on the optimization of acute and long-term treatment in first-episode schizophrenia is currently being(More)
Remission and recovery are major outcome goals in schizophrenia yet their predictors have not been studied in detail. Therefore, 186 patients were examined regarding remission and recovery including their potential sociodemographic and clinical predictors 1 year after discharge. Remission was defined according to the consensus remission criteria and(More)
Currently, there are no convincing treatment strategies for negative symptoms of schizophrenia. On this background, we are conducting the treatment of negative symptoms (TONES) study which addresses the question whether cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is efficacious for the reduction of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The present paper aims at(More)
BACKGROUND The consistent association between therapeutic alliance and outcome underlines the importance of identifying factors which predict the development of a positive alliance. However, only few studies have examined the association between pretreatment characteristics and alliance formation in patients with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVE The study(More)
This longitudinal study aimed at identifying predictors of community outcome from a broad range of neuropsychological, clinical psychopathologic, sociodemographic, and treatment related factors. N = 96 schizophrenia patients were assessed both at baseline during inpatient treatment and 1 year after discharge from hospital (follow-up). At follow-up(More)
BACKGROUND After a first episode in schizophrenia guidelines recommend antipsychotic maintenance treatment (MT) for at least 1year. Recent RCTs on subsequent targeted intermittent treatment (IT) after stepwise drug discontinuation yielded noticeably higher relapse rates than during MT also in first-episode patients. Nevertheless, about 50% of patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Relapse and its predictors were examined among patients with schizophrenia in the year after hospital discharge. METHODS The sample included 200 patients with schizophrenia participating in a German multicenter study. Relapse was defined as a worsening of psychopathological symptoms or rehospitalization in the year after hospital discharge.(More)
OBJECTIVE Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) have proven superior to first-generation antipsychotics regarding relapse prevention, mainly in multiple-episode patients. Practice guidelines recommend SGAs as first-line treatment particularly in first-episode patients, although evidence for this group is still limited. Accordingly, the hypothesis of(More)
Against the background of the growing evidence that the patient's functioning significantly influences the course and outcome of schizophrenia, the aims of this analysis were to examine what proportion of patients achieve functional outcome criteria after 1 year, and to identify clinical and sociodemographic predictive factors for functional remission.(More)