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BACKGROUND Esophageal adenocarcinomas (EACs) arise due to gastroesophageal reflux, with Barrett's esophagus (BE) regarded as precancerous lesion. Glucocorticoid-induced TNFR family-related Receptor (GITR)-mediated inflammation of tumor infiltrating leucocytes (TILs) in the tumor microenvironment might play a role during the multistep carcinogenetic process(More)
BACKGROUND Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a malignant disease most commonly diagnosed in the setting of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and in patients receiving immunosuppressive treatment. Pulmonary KS has never been reported in association with endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS). CASE PRESENTATION A 60-year-old woman presented with symptoms and(More)
BACKGROUND During the last years, (19)F-MRI and perfluorocarbon nanoemulsion (PFC) emerged as a powerful contrast agent based MRI methodology to track cells and to visualize inflammation. We applied this new modality to visualize deep tissue abscesses during acute and chronic phase of inflammation caused by Staphylococcus aureus infection. METHODOLOGY AND(More)
Esophageal adenocarcinomas (EACs) arise due to gastroesophageal reflux, with Barrett's esophagus (BE) regarded as precancerous lesion. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) might play a role during the multistep carcinogenetic process. Expression of MMP-1 and -13 was analyzed in esophageal cancer (n = 41 EAC with BE, n = 19 EAC without BE, and n = 10 esophageal(More)
Homocysteine (HC) is a radiation protector but toxic to bone. Its derivative homocysteine thiolactone (HCTL) and the alpha-alkylated analogue (A-methyl-HCTL) was fed to mice for a period of six weeks in a daily dose of 50 mg/kg body weight. Parameters for bone matrix as collagen content, acid solubility of bone collagen, urinary bone collagen cross links(More)
AIM Immunosuppression and steroid medication have been identified as risk factors for complicated sigmoid diverticulitis. The underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. We hypothesized that glucocorticoid-induced tumour necrosis factor receptor (GITR) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) might play a role. METHOD GITR and MMP-9 were(More)
We aimed to evaluate our hypothesis that allergic predisposition and expression of histamine receptors might contribute to complicated courses of sigmoid diverticulitis. Expression of histamine and histamine receptors (H1R, H2R) was analysed on protein level (immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence (IF)) as well as mRNA level (reverse transcription–PCR(More)
Immunosupression and, especially, intake of steroids have previously been identified as risk factors for complicated types of sigmoid diverticulitis. However, little is known about the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms. We aimed to elucidate the potential role of activated macrophages in this respect. A consecutive series of n = 101 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Investigation of the expression of an intestinal stem cell marker in esophageal adenocarcinomas (EAC) with and without Barrett's Esophagus (BE), with respect to a cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Expression of a putative intestinal stem cell marker LgR5 was analyzed in esophageal cancer specimen (n = 70: 41 EAC with BE,(More)