Stefan Kiermayr

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A number of flaviviruses are important human pathogens, including yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, Japanese encephalitis, and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) viruses. Infection with or immunization against any of these viruses induces a subset of antibodies that are broadly flavivirus cross-reactive but do not exhibit significant cross-neutralization.(More)
Flaviviruses have a spherical capsid that is composed of multiple copies of a single capsid protein and, in contrast to the viral envelope, apparently does not have an icosahedral structure. So far, attempts to isolate distinct particulate capsids and soluble forms of the capsid protein from purified virions as well as to assemble capsid-like particles in(More)
The envelope protein E of flaviviruses mediates both receptor-binding and membrane fusion. At the virion surface, 180 copies of E are tightly packed and organized in a herringbone-like icosahedral structure, whereas in noninfectious subviral particles, 60 copies are arranged in a T=1 icosahedral symmetry. In both cases, the basic building block is an E(More)
The envelope proteins (E) of flaviviruses form an icosahedral cage-like structure of homodimers that cover completely the surface of mature virions and are responsible for receptor-binding and membrane fusion. Fusion is triggered by the acidic pH in endosomes which induces dramatic conformational changes of E that drive the merger of the membranes. We have(More)
The flavivirus fusion protein E contains a "stem" region which is hypothesized to be crucial for driving fusion. This sequence element connects the ectodomain to the membrane anchor, and its structure in the trimeric postfusion conformation is still poorly defined. Using E trimers of tick-borne encephalitis virus with stem truncations of different lengths,(More)
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