Stefan Kerscher

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Vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (holoATPase and free membrane sector) was isolated from bovine chromaffin granules by blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A 5-fold excess of membrane sector over holoenzyme was determined in isolated chromaffin granule membranes. M9.2, a novel extremely hydrophobic 9.2-kDa protein comprising 80 amino acids,(More)
Respiratory chain complex I deficiencies represent a genetically heterogeneous group of diseases resulting from mutations in either mitochondrial or nuclear DNA. Combination of denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and sequence analysis allowed us to show that a 4-bp deletion in intron 2 (IVS2+5_+8delGTAA) of the NDUFV2 gene (encoding NADH(More)
Mitochondria from various organisms, especially plants, fungi and many bacteria contain so-called alternative NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductases that catalyse the same redox reaction as respiratory chain complex I, but do not contribute to the generation of transmembrane proton gradients. In eucaryotes, these enzymes are associated with the mitochondrial inner(More)
Proton pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the most complicated and least understood enzyme of the respiratory chain. All redox prosthetic groups reside in the peripheral arm of the L-shaped structure. The NADH oxidation domain harbouring the FMN cofactor is connected via a chain of iron-sulfur clusters to the ubiquinone reduction site(More)
The Drosophila gene optomotor-blind (omb) is involved in the development of a set of giant neurons in the optic lobes and possibly other structures in the imaginal brain. Adult flies have discrete defects in optomotor behavior. The gene has previously been mapped in chromomeres 4C5-6, together with three other genes, bifid, Quadroon and lacqueredgls. We(More)
Respiratory complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is a large mitochondrial inner membrane enzyme consisting of 45 subunits and 8 iron-sulfur (Fe/S) clusters. While complex I dysfunction is the most common reason for mitochondrial diseases, the assembly of complex I and its Fe/S cofactors remains elusive. Here, we identify the human mitochondrial P-loop(More)
The X-chromosomal complementation unit lethal(1)optomotor-blind [l(1)omb] is defined by lack of complementation among over a dozen recessive lethal mutations that map to the omb gene locus. Mutations in l(1)omb also fail to complement viable mutations of three seemingly unrelated functions in this region: bifid (bi), manifesting defective wings, Quadroon(More)
Candida alimentaria, Candida deformans, Candida galli, and Candida phangngensis have been recently reported to be the close relatives of Yarrowia lipolytica. To explore this clade of yeasts, we sequenced the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) of these four species and compared it with the mtDNA of Y. lipolytica. The five mtDNAs exhibit a similar architecture and(More)
Many types of inherited early onset cataract are known in both human and mouse. Here we describe the mapping of two novel dominant cataract loci in the mouse genome. Cataract and curly whiskers, Ccw, maps to Chromosome 4, 3.1 +/- 1.1 cM distal to the b (brown) locus. Total opacity 3, To3, maps to Chromosome 7, 7.1 +/- 1.8 cM proximal to p (pink-eyed(More)
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductases catalyse the first step within the diverse pathways of mitochondrial NADH oxidation. In addition to the energy-conserving form commonly called complex I, fungi and plants contain much simpler alternative NADH:ubiquinone oxido-reductases that catalyze the same reaction but do not translocate protons across the inner(More)