Stefan K. Plontke

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BACKGROUND Tinnitus has been shown to respond to modulations of cortical activity by high-frequency and low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). OBJECTIVE To determine the tinnitus-attenuating effects of a 2-week daily regimen of rTMS, navigated to the maximum of tinnitus-related increase in regional cerebral blood flow. (More)
Recent data suggest that chronic tinnitus is a "phantom auditory perception" caused by maladaptive neuroplasticity and subsequent hyperactivity in an extended neuronal network including the primary auditory cortex, higher-order association areas, and parts of the limbic system. It was suggested that attenuation of this tinnitus-associated hyperactivity may(More)
As more and more substances have been shown in preclinical studies to be capable of preventing damage to the inner ear from exposure to noise, ototoxic drugs, ischemia, infection, inflammation, mechanical trauma and other insults, it is becoming very important to develop feasible and safe methods for the targeted delivery of drugs to specific regions in the(More)
Several drugs that are applied directly to the inner ear are in widespread clinical use for the treatment of inner-ear disorders. Many new substances and drug delivery systems specific to the inner ear are under development and in some cases are being evaluated in animal experiments and in clinical studies. However, the pharmacokinetics of drugs in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Cyclic congestion and decongestion in the two nasal cavities is seen in connection with the respiratory function of the nose. The turbulent behavior of nasal airflow is a prerequisite for adequate contact of inspired air particles with the mucosa. The aim of this study was to gain insight into this turbulent behavior of nasal airflow during the(More)
HYPOTHESIS Local application of dexamethasone-21-dihydrogen-phosphate (Dex-P) to the round window (RW) membrane of guinea pigs produces a substantial basal-apical concentration gradient in scala tympani (ST) perilymph. BACKGROUND In recent years, intratympanically applied glucocorticoids are increasingly being used for the treatment of inner ear disease.(More)
In order to investigate the fluid dynamic preconditions that guarantee a sufficient contact of air with nasal mucosa, we studied flow patterns in modified "Mink's boxes" and in nasal models. As a result, the nose can be divided into 1) a functional area, i.e. area of turbinates, 2) an inflow area, i.e. vestibulum, isthmus and anterior cavum and 3) an(More)
Intratympanic (IT) delivery of drugs to the ear is increasingly used for both clinical and research purposes. One limitation of IT delivery is that drugs are rapidly lost from the middle ear by a number of processes, so that prolonged delivery of drug is technically difficult. In the present study, the delivery characteristics of a poloxamer hydrogel(More)
CONCLUSIONS The data presented herein form the basis for conducting randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of salvage treatment in patients with idiopathic sudden severe sensorineural hearing loss (but not anacusis) refractory to initial systemic therapy. Comparison of different application protocols and drug(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the benefit of a preoperative three-dimensional (3D) planning tool for surgically placing the bone conduction floating mass transducer (BC-FMT) of the Bonebridge (BB) bone conduction implant. PATIENTS Adult patients (n = 5) and one pediatric patient (n = 1) with conductive or mixed hearing loss caused by chronic ear disease,(More)