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Recent data suggest that chronic tinnitus is a "phantom auditory perception" caused by maladaptive neuroplasticity and subsequent hyperactivity in an extended neuronal network including the primary auditory cortex, higher-order association areas, and parts of the limbic system. It was suggested that attenuation of this tinnitus-associated hyperactivity may(More)
Several drugs that are applied directly to the inner ear are in widespread clinical use for the treatment of inner-ear disorders. Many new substances and drug delivery systems specific to the inner ear are under development and in some cases are being evaluated in animal experiments and in clinical studies. However, the pharmacokinetics of drugs in the(More)
As more and more substances have been shown in preclinical studies to be capable of preventing damage to the inner ear from exposure to noise, ototoxic drugs, ischemia, infection, inflammation, mechanical trauma and other insults, it is becoming very important to develop feasible and safe methods for the targeted delivery of drugs to specific regions in the(More)
In order to investigate the fluid dynamic preconditions that guarantee a sufficient contact of air with nasal mucosa, we studied flow patterns in modified "Mink's boxes" and in nasal models. As a result, the nose can be divided into 1) a functional area, i.e. area of turbinates, 2) an inflow area, i.e. vestibulum, isthmus and anterior cavum and 3) an(More)
OBJECTIVES Cyclic congestion and decongestion in the two nasal cavities is seen in connection with the respiratory function of the nose. The turbulent behavior of nasal airflow is a prerequisite for adequate contact of inspired air particles with the mucosa. The aim of this study was to gain insight into this turbulent behavior of nasal airflow during the(More)
Intratympanic (IT) delivery of drugs to the ear is increasingly used for both clinical and research purposes. One limitation of IT delivery is that drugs are rapidly lost from the middle ear by a number of processes, so that prolonged delivery of drug is technically difficult. In the present study, the delivery characteristics of a poloxamer hydrogel(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the benefit of a preoperative three-dimensional (3D) planning tool for surgically placing the bone conduction floating mass transducer (BC-FMT) of the Bonebridge (BB) bone conduction implant. PATIENTS Adult patients (n = 5) and one pediatric patient (n = 1) with conductive or mixed hearing loss caused by chronic ear disease,(More)
In order to transduce sounds efficiently, the stereocilia of hair cells in the organ of Corti must be positioned optimally. Mechanical displacements, such as pressure differentials across the organ caused by endolymphatic hydrops, may impair sensitivity. Studying this phenomenon has been limited by the technical difficulty of inducing sustained(More)
HYPOTHESIS To determine whether intracochlearly applied dexamethasone will lead to better control of drug levels, higher peak concentrations, and lower base-to-apex concentration gradients in the scala tympani (ST) of the guinea pig than after intratympanic (round window [RW]) application. BACKGROUND Local application of drugs to the RW results in(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the safety and efficacy of continuous intratympanic dexamethasone-phosphate (Dex-P) for severe to profound sudden idiopathic sensorineural hearing (ISSHL) or sudden idiopathic anacusis after failure of systemic therapy. STUDY DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled multicenter trial. METHODS Patients with ISSHL and(More)