Learn More
The ubiquitin-like SUMO system functions by a cyclic process of modification and demodification, and recent data suggest that the nucleolus is a site of sumoylation-desumoylation cycles. For example, the tumour suppressor ARF stimulates sumoylation of nucleolar proteins. Here, we show that the nucleolar SUMO-specific protease SENP3 is associated with(More)
Ribosome biogenesis is a tightly controlled pathway that requires an intricate spatial and temporal interplay of protein networks. Most structural rRNA components are generated in the nucleolus and assembled into pre-ribosomal particles, which are transferred for further maturation to the nucleoplasm and cytoplasm. In metazoa, few regulatory components for(More)
The ubiquitin-like SUMO system controls cellular key functions, and several lines of evidence point to a critical role of SUMO for mitotic progression. However, in mammalian cells mitotic substrates of sumoylation and the regulatory components involved are not well defined. Here, we identify Borealin, a component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC),(More)
The attachment of the SUMO modifier to proteins controls cellular signaling pathways through noncovalent binding to SUMO-interaction motifs (SIMs). Canonical SIMs contain a core of hydrophobic residues that bind to a hydrophobic pocket on SUMO. Negatively charged residues of SIMs frequently contribute to binding by interacting with a basic surface on SUMO.(More)
The skeletal muscle is a metabolically active tissue that secretes various proteins. These so-called myokines have been proposed to affect muscle physiology and to exert systemic effects on other tissues and organs. Yet, changes in the secretory profile may participate in the pathophysiology of metabolic diseases. The present study aimed at characterizing(More)
The inducible transcriptional complex AP-1, composed of c-Fos and c-Jun proteins, is crucial for cell adaptation to many environmental changes. While its mechanisms of activation have been extensively studied, how its activity is restrained is poorly understood. We report here that lysine 265 of c-Fos is conjugated by the peptidic posttranslational(More)
p53 and its cousins p63 and p73 are critical regulators of the genotoxic stress response in mammalian cells. Their activity is controlled by an intricate network of post-translational modifications. The ubiquitin-like SUMO system targets all three family members and modulates their transcriptional activity, stability or subcellular trafficking. While the(More)
In contrast to protein antigens, processing of glycoproteins by dendritic cells (DCs) for presentation to T cells has not been well studied. We developed mouse T cell hybridomas to study processing and presentation of the tumor antigen MUC1 as a model glycoprotein. MUC1 is expressed on the surface as well as secreted by human adenocarcinomas. Circulating(More)
The survival of pathogenic mycobacteria in macrophages requires the eukaryotic enzyme-like serine/threonine protein kinase G. This kinase with unknown specificity is secreted into the cytosol of infected macrophages and inhibits phagosome-lysosome fusion. The pknG gene is the terminal gene in a putative operon containing glnH, encoding a protein potentially(More)
The control of ribosome biogenesis is a critical cellular nodal point, which ensures that protein synthesis is coordinated with cell growth and proliferation. Prior to their cytoplasmic assembly the 40S and 60S ribosomal subunits pass through the nucleolus and the nucleoplasm via a maturation pathway that involves a set of non-coding RNAs and non-ribosomal(More)