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Glutaric aciduria type I (synonym, glutaric acidemia type I) is a rare organic aciduria. Untreated patients characteristically develop dystonia during infancy resulting in a high morbidity and mortality. The neuropathological correlate is striatal injury which results from encephalopathic crises precipitated by infectious diseases, immunizations and surgery(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (GDD) is characterized biochemically by an accumulation of glutaric (GA) and 3-hydroxyglutaric (3-OH-GA) acids and clinically by the development of acute striatal degeneration. 3-OH-GA was recently shown to induce neuronal damage via N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The pathogenetic role of GA, however, remains(More)
The inherited neurometabolic disease d-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria is complicated by progressive neurodegeneration of vulnerable brain regions during infancy and early childhood, frequently presenting with hypotonia, epilepsy and psychomotor retardation. Here, we report that the pathogenetic role of the endogenously accumulating metabolite(More)
OBJECTIVE Short-chain enoyl-CoA hydratase (ECHS1) is a multifunctional mitochondrial matrix enzyme that is involved in the oxidation of fatty acids and essential amino acids such as valine. Here, we describe the broad phenotypic spectrum and pathobiochemistry of individuals with autosomal-recessive ECHS1 deficiency. METHODS Using exome sequencing, we(More)
Deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase involved in isoleucine metabolism causes an organic aciduria with atypical neurodegenerative course. The disease-causing gene is HSD17B10 and encodes 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10 (HSD10), a protein also implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.(More)
Glutaric acid (GA) and 3-hydroxyglutaric acids (3-OH-GA) are key metabolites in glutaryl co-enzyme A dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency and are both considered to be potential neurotoxins. As cerebral concentrations of GA and 3-OH-GA have not yet been studied systematically, we investigated the tissue-specific distribution of these organic acids and(More)
In glutaric aciduria type I, an autosomal recessive disease of mitochondrial lysine, hydroxylysine and tryptophan catabolism, striatal lesions are characteristically induced by acute encephalopathic crises during a finite period of brain development (age 3-36 months). The frequency of striatal injury is significantly less in patients diagnosed as(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of treatment according to current evidence-based recommendations on the neurological outcome of patients with glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I). METHODS Fifty-two patients identified by newborn screening (NBS) in Germany from 1999 to 2009 were followed prospectively. Neurological outcome was assessed by the occurrence of an(More)
Neurologic disease in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency usually presents with acute encephalopathic crises before 2 years of age. The authors report two previously asymptomatic patients with macrocephaly presenting with progressive neurologic deterioration and a severe leukoencephalopathy during adolescence or adulthood.