Stefan Köhler

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The hippocampus may have a time-limited role in memory, being needed only until information is permanently stored elsewhere, or this region may permanently represent long-term allocentric spatial information or cognitive maps in memory. To test these ideas, we investigated remote spatial memory in K.C., a patient with bilateral hippocampal lesions and(More)
We conducted two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments that examined novelty responses in the human medial temporal lobe (MTL) to determine whether the hippocampus makes contributions to memory processing that differ from those of structures in the adjacent parahippocampal region. In light of proposals that such differential contributions(More)
K.C. has been investigated extensively over some 20 years since a motorcycle accident left him with widespread brain damage that includes large bilateral hippocampal lesions, which caused a remarkable case of memory impairment. On standard testing, K.C.'s anterograde amnesia is as severe as that of any other case reported in the literature, including H.M.(More)
Researchers in clinical and basic neuroscience frequently target structures of the human medial temporal lobe (MTL) for volumetric analysis with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In neurodegenerative diseases, a precise volumetric analysis of MTL structures can assist in differential diagnosis and can be used in guiding early treatment. Also, in functional(More)
It is well established that the medial-temporal lobe (MTL) is critical for recognition memory. The MTL is known to be composed of distinct structures that are organized in a hierarchical manner. At present, it remains controversial whether lower structures in this hierarchy, such as perirhinal cortex, support memory functions that are distinct from those of(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to investigate human episodic memory for spatial location and object identity. We measured regional cerebral bloodflow (rCBF) while subjects engaged in perceptual matching of the location or the identity of line drawings of objects. Perceptual matching also involved incidental encoding of the presented(More)
Delayed memory impairments and medial temporal-lobe atrophy are considered to be cardinal features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The goal of the present magnetic resonance (MR) volumetry study was to investigate the relationship between both features. We determined MR-derived estimates of hippocampal and parahippocampal volume in a sample of 27 AD patients(More)
A positron emission tomography (PET) study was conducted to determine which brain regions are differentially involved in visual object identification and object localization. Subjects engaged in a spatial task in which they matched the location of common objects, and an object task in which they matched the identity of common objects. In both tasks the(More)
Past neuroimaging research has identified a parahippocampal place area (PPA) in the posterior medial temporal lobe (MTL), which responds preferentially to visual scenes and plays a role in episodic memory for this class of stimuli. In the present positron emission tomography study, we examined to what extent the functional characteristics of the PPA(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate by using positron emission tomography (PET) whether the cortical pathways that are involved in visual perception of spatial location and object identity are also differentially implicated in retrieval of these types of information from episodic long-term memory. Subjects studied a set of displays(More)