Stefan Jockenhoevel

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OBJECTIVE The field of tissue engineering deals with the creation of tissue structures based on patient cells. The scaffold plays a central role in the creation of 3-D structures in cardiovascular tissue engineering like small vessels or heart valve prosthesis. An ideal scaffold should have tissue-like mechanical properties and a complete immunologic(More)
Fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) fibrin scaffolds with tightly controllable pore sizes and interconnections has been investigated. The scaffolds were produced using a combination of two-photon polymerization (2PP) and micromolding techniques. Master structures were fabricated by 2PP and regenerated in fibrin by a two-step microreplication procedure.(More)
OBJECTIVE In tissue engineering, three-dimensional biodegradable scaffolds are generally used as a basic structure for cell anchorage, cell proliferation and cell differentiation. The currently used biodegradable scaffolds in cardiovascular tissue engineering are potentially immunogenic, they show toxic degradation and inflammatory reactions. The aim of(More)
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent implantation is used to dilate arteries narrowed by atherosclerotic plaques and to revascularize coronary arteries occluded by atherothrombosis in myocardial infarction. Commonly applied drug-eluting stents release antiproliferative or anti-inflammatory agents to reduce the incidence of in-stent stenosis.(More)
A new in vitro flow system was developed to investigate the impact of laminar flow on extracellular matrix formation and tissue development. The dynamic in vitro system was designed to provide a cross flow arrangement of main flow induced by a dialysis roller pump (500 ml/min), and nutrition flow by a perfusion pump (3 ml/hr). Poly-L-lysine precoated(More)
Our group has previously demonstrated the synthesis of a completely autologous fibrin-based heart valve structure using the principles of tissue engineering. The present approach aims to guide more mature tissue development in fibrin-based valves based on in vitro conditioning in a custom-designed bioreactor system. Moulded fibrin-based tissue-engineered(More)
In the field of tissue engineering, there is a growing need for quantitative methods to analyze in situ and in real time the tissue development in three-dimensional scaffolds. To evaluate the performance of cell-gel constructs in terms of extracellular matrix synthesis, we are still restricted to time-consuming histological and biochemical assays that are(More)
Cell attachment to a scaffold is a precondition for the development of bioengineered valves and vascular substitutes. This attachment is generally facilitated by the use of precoating factors, but some can cause toxic or immunologic side effects. Autologous extracellular matrix (ECM) is used as a precoating factor in our study. Ascending aortic tissue was(More)
There is a clear clinical requirement for the design and development of living, functional, small-calibre arterial grafts. Here, we investigate the potential use of a small diameter, tissue-engineered artery in a pre-clinical study in the carotid artery position of sheep. Small-calibre ( approximately 5 mm) vascular composite grafts were molded using a(More)
OBJECTIVES Percutaneous stenting of occluded peripheral vessels is a well-established technique in clinical practice. Unfortunately, the patency rates of small-caliber vessels after stenting remain unsatisfactory. The aim of the BioStent concept is to overcome in-stent restenosis by excluding the diseased vessel segment entirely from the blood stream, in(More)