Stefan Jockenhoevel

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OBJECTIVE In tissue engineering, three-dimensional biodegradable scaffolds are generally used as a basic structure for cell anchorage, cell proliferation and cell differentiation. The currently used biodegradable scaffolds in cardiovascular tissue engineering are potentially immunogenic, they show toxic degradation and inflammatory reactions. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND The development of hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease (HPVD) is considered a risk factor in the long-term course of patients with secundum atrial septal defects (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and histologic degree of HPVD and pulmonary hypertension in relation to preoperative clinical and hemodynamic data,(More)
OBJECTIVE The field of tissue engineering deals with the creation of tissue structures based on patient cells. The scaffold plays a central role in the creation of 3-D structures in cardiovascular tissue engineering like small vessels or heart valve prosthesis. An ideal scaffold should have tissue-like mechanical properties and a complete immunologic(More)
OBJECTIVE In cardiovascular tissue engineering, three-dimensional scaffolds serve as physical supports and templates for cell attachment and tissue development. Currently used scaffolds are still far from ideal, they are potentially immunogenic and they show toxic degradation and inflammatory reactions. The aim of this study is to develop a new method for a(More)
Autologous fibrin-based tissue-engineered heart valves have demonstrated excellent potential as patient-derived valve replacements. The present pilot study aims to evaluate the structure and mechanical durability of fibrin-based heart valves after implantation in a large-animal model (sheep). Tissue-engineered heart valves were molded using a fibrin(More)
Recent clinical trials have led to the worldwide suspension of aprotinin, the most commonly used antifibrinolytic agent in fibrin-based tissue engineering. For future clinical applications of fibrin-based scaffolds, a suitable, alternative fibrinolysis inhibitor must be identified. The present study aimed to evaluate tranexamic acid(More)
The regenerative potential declines upon aging. This might be due to cell-intrinsic changes in stem and progenitor cells or to influences by the microenvironment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) raise high hopes in regenerative medicine. They are usually culture expanded in media with fetal calf serum (FCS) or other serum supplements such as human platelet(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the impact of intramural coronary arteries for the peri-, postoperative and long-term course after arterial switch operation (ASO). METHODS ASO was performed in 351 patients between 1981 and 2000 with dextrotransposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). Five patients (1.4 %) had an intramural coronary artery. Coronary transfer was(More)
In order to develop efficient design strategies for a tissue-engineered heart valve, in vivo and in vitro models of valvular structure and cellular function require extensive characterisation. Collagen and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) provide unique functional characteristics to the heart valve structure. In the current study, type I collagen-GAG hydrogels(More)
There is a clear clinical requirement for the design and development of living, functional, small-calibre arterial grafts. Here, we investigate the potential use of a small diameter, tissue-engineered artery in a pre-clinical study in the carotid artery position of sheep. Small-calibre ( approximately 5 mm) vascular composite grafts were molded using a(More)