Learn More
Helium nanodroplets are doped with SF(6), C(4)F(8), CCl(4), C(6)H(5)Br, CH(3)I, and I(2). Upon interaction with free electrons a variety of positively and negatively charged cluster ions X(+/-)He(n) are observed where X(+/-) = F(+/-), Cl(+/-), Br(+/-), I(+), I(2) (+), or CH(3)I(+). The yield of these ions versus cluster size n drops at characteristic sizes(More)
The effect of incident electrons on acetic acid clusters is explored for the first time. The acetic acid clusters are formed inside liquid helium nanodroplets and both cationic and anionic products ejected into the gas phase are detected by mass spectrometry. The cation chemistry (induced by electron ionization at 100 eV) is dominated by production of(More)
RATIONALE Security and protection against terrorist attacks are major issues in modern society. One especially challenging task is the monitoring and protection of air conditioning and heating systems of buildings against terrorist attacks with toxic chemicals. As existing technologies have low selectivity, long response times or insufficient sensitivity,(More)
Survival of the weakest: The existence of a new class of centrosymmetric radical cations in which H(2) bridges two identical main group elements was recently proposed in this journal by Uggerud and co-workers. By growing complexes inside helium nanodroplets at subkelvin temperatures, we obtained experimental evidence for the existence of the most weakly(More)
Building designers are expected to employ all the technical means that modern-day engineering provides. This calls not only for a more technical-scientific orientation in the training of architects, but also for readily effective building design tools. A survey of the available resources for supporting the building design process, however, shows that(More)
Decision support in conceptual design relies on the formalization of knowledge that is often approximate and ill-structured. We present a building information system that provides decision support in the early phases of architectural design, with a focus on the development of a building's load-bearing system. Common methods to represent relevant information(More)
Neutral hydrogen clusters are grown in ultracold helium nanodroplets by successive pickup of hydrogen molecules. Even-numbered hydrogen cluster cations are observed upon electron-impact ionization with and without attached helium atoms and in addition to the familiar odd-numbered H(n)(+). The helium matrix affects the fragmentation dynamics that usually(More)
RATIONALE Isocyanates are highly reactive species widely used in industry. They can cause irritation of the eyes, trigger asthma, etc. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were widely used in electrical equipments like capacitors and transformers in the last century and are still present in the environment today. PCBs are known to cause cancer and to affect the(More)
  • 1