Stefan J Ries

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Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) and Wolman disease are both autosomal recessive disorders associated with reduced activity and genetic defects of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). We provide evidence that the strikingly more severe course of Wolman disease is caused by genetic defects of LAL that leave no residual enzyme activity. In a CESD patient, a G(More)
Mdm2 acts as a major regulator of the tumor suppressor p53 by targeting its destruction. Here, we show that the mdm2 gene is also regulated by the Ras-driven Raf/MEK/MAP kinase pathway, in a p53-independent manner. Mdm2 induced by activated Raf degrades p53 in the absence of the Mdm2 inhibitor p19ARF. This regulatory pathway accounts for the observation(More)
Isolated inner ear injuries occurring during shallow scuba dives are an uncommon manifestation of decompression sickness in recreational divers. We describe a patient who presented with the typical symptoms of inner ear involvement after 2 independent dives within the decompression limits. The diver reported symptoms of unilateral (right-sided) hearing(More)
The adenovirus mutant dl1520 (ONYX-015) does not express the E1B-55K protein that binds and inactivates p53. This virus replicates in tumor cells with mutant p53, but not in normal cells with functional p53. Although intra-tumoral injection of dl1520 shows promising responses in patients with solid tumors, previous in vitro studies have not established a(More)
In this study, we describe a novel CD4-targeting bifunctional human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) fusion inhibitor (CD4-BFFI) that blocks HIV-1 entry by inhibiting both HIV-1 attachment and fusion and is highly potent against both R5 and X4 HIV-1 viruses in various antiviral assays, including peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) infection assays.(More)
Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) and Wolman disease (WD) are both autosomal recessive disorders associated with reduced activity of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL), that leads to the tissue accumulation of cholesteryl esters in endosomes and lysosomes. WD is caused by genetic defects of LAL that leave no residual enzymatic activity, while in CESD(More)
The binding selectivity of charged liposomes to the spinal cord of rats affected by experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of multiple sclerosis, was investigated. Positively and negatively charged liposomes were injected into the tail vein of rats, and blood/brain barrier (BBB) targeting was determined by confocal microscopy as a function(More)
In this study we used a Doppler ultrasonic device, in combination with a sonographic contrast medium, to test whether free-living bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus) pups have a closed (anatomically or functionally) foramen ovale. A total of 17 examinations were performed on 12 individual pups with a body mass range of 29–103 kg (0–21 days old). These(More)
UNLABELLED During antiviral therapy, specific delivery of interferon-α (IFNα) to infected cells may increase its antiviral efficacy, trigger a localized immune reaction, and reduce the side effects caused by systemic administration. Two T-cell receptor-like antibodies (TCR-L) able to selectively bind hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected hepatocytes of chronic(More)
Caveolin-3 protein is the only member of the caveolin family that shows a unique muscle-specific expression pattern, and loss of its functional activity causes muscular dystrophy. Caveolin-3 mRNA levels are dramatically increased during the formation of myotubes in the C2C12 cell line. In this study, we characterized the human caveolin-3 5'-flanking region.(More)