Stefan I. McDonough

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The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is both a member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily and a Cl(-)-selective ion channel. We investigated the permeation pathway of human CFTR with measurements on conduction and open-channel blockade by diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acid (DPC). We used site-directed mutagenesis and oocyte(More)
The antihypertensive agent mibefradil completely and reversibly inhibited T-type calcium channels in freshly isolated rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons. The potency of mibefradil was increased at less hyperpolarized holding potentials, and the apparent affinity was correlated with the degree of channel inactivation. At 35 degrees, the apparent dissociation(More)
Inhibition of voltage-dependent calcium channels by omega-conotoxin MVIIC (omega-CTx-MVIIC) was studied in various types of rat neurons. When studied with 5 mM Ba2+ as charge carrier, omega-CTx-MVIIC block of N-type calcium channels in sympathetic neurons was potent, with half-block at 18 nM. Block of N-type channels had a rapid onset (tau approximately 1(More)
The gene defective in cystic fibrosis encodes a Cl- channel, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). CFTR is blocked by diphenylamine-2-carboxylate (DPC) when applied extracellularly at millimolar concentrations. We studied the block of CFTR expressed in Xenopus oocytes by DPC or by a closely related molecule, flufenamic acid (FFA).(More)
A number of peptide toxins from venoms of spiders and cone snails are high affinity ligands for voltage-gated calcium channels and are useful tools for studying calcium channel function and structure. Using whole-cell recordings from rat sympathetic ganglion and cerebellar Purkinje neurons, we studied toxins that target neuronal N-type (Ca(V)2.2) and P-type(More)
FPL 64176 (FPL) is a nondihydropyridine compound that dramatically increases macroscopic inward current through L-type calcium channels and slows activation and deactivation. To understand the mechanism by which channel behavior is altered, we compared the effects of the drug on the kinetics and voltage dependence of ionic currents and gating currents.(More)
We studied the mechanism of inhibition of P-type calcium channels in rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons by the peptide toxin omega-Aga-IVA. Saturating concentrations of omega-Aga-IVA (> 50 nM) inhibited inward current carried by 2-5 mM Ba almost completely. However, outward current at depolarizations of > +60 mV, carried by internal Cs, was inhibited much(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a chloride channel with distinctive kinetics. At the whole-cell level, CFTR currents in response to voltage steps are time independent for wild type and for the many mutants reported so far. Single channels open for periods lasting up to tens of seconds; the openings are interrupted by brief(More)
We studied the mechanism by which the peptide omega-grammotoxin-SIA inhibits voltage-dependent calcium channels. Grammotoxin at concentrations of > 50 nM completely inhibited inward current carried by 2 mM barium through P-type channels in rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons when current was elicited by depolarizations up to +40 mV. However, outward current(More)
In many neurons, Ca(2+) signaling depends on efflux of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores into the cytoplasm via caffeine-sensitive ryanodine receptors (RyRs) of the endoplasmic reticulum. We have used high-speed confocal microscopy to image depolarization- and caffeine-evoked increases in cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels in individual cultured frog sympathetic(More)