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Auxin-induced growth of coleoptiles depends on the presence of potassium and is suppressed by K+ channel blockers. To evaluate the role of K+ channels in auxin-mediated growth, we isolated and functionally expressed ZMK1 and ZMK2 (Zea mays K+ channel 1 and 2), two potassium channels from maize coleoptiles. In growth experiments, the time course of(More)
A new aquaporin from Nicotiana tabacum (cv. Samsun) was characterized. It shares sequence homology to the Arabidopsis thaliana PIP1 protein family. By two-phase partitioning and immunoblot analysis, plasma membrane localization could be demonstrated. The corresponding mRNA is highly abundant in roots and flowers, while it is rarely expressed in leaves and(More)
The potassium-channel gene, AKT3, has recently been isolated from an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library. By using the whole-mount and in situ hybridization techniques, we found AKT3 predominantly expressed in the phloem. To study the physiological role of this channel type, AKT3 was heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes, and the electrical properties(More)
Potassium uptake by guard cells represents part of the osmotic motor which drives stomatal opening. Patch-clamp measurements have identified inward rectifying K+ channels capable of mediating K+ uptake in guard cells and various other plant cell types. Here we report the molecular cloning and characterization of a voltage-dependent K+ channel (KST1) from(More)
KAT1 is a voltage-dependent inward rectifying K+ channel cloned from the higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana [Anderson, J. A., Huprikar, S. S., Kochian, L. V., Lucas, W. J. & Gaber, R. F. (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 3736-3740]. It is related to the Shaker superfamily of K+ channels characterized by six transmembrane spanning domains (S1-S6) and a(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, two K(+) channel genes, ZMK1 and ZMK2, were isolated from maize coleoptiles. They are expressed in the cortex and vasculature, respectively. Expression in Xenopus oocytes characterized ZMK1 as an inwardly rectifying K(+) channel activated by external acidification, while ZMK2 mediates voltage-independent and proton-inhibited K(+)(More)
Cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (CNGCs) form non-selective cation entry pathways regulated by calmodulin (CaM), a universal Ca(2+) sensor in eukaryotes. Although CaM binding has been shown to be important for Ca(2+)-dependent feedback regulation of CNGC activity, the CaM-binding properties of these channels have been investigated in a few cases only. We(More)
Kdc1 is a novel K+-channel gene cloned from carrot roots, and which is also present in cultured carrot cells. We investigated the characteristics of the ionic current elicited in Xenopus oocytes coinjected with KDC1 (K+-Daucus carota 1) and KAT1 (from Arabidopsis thaliana) RNA. Expressed heteromeric channels displayed inward-rectifying potassium currents(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates many stress-related processes in plants. In this context ABA mediates the responsiveness of plants to environmental stresses such as drought, cold or salt. In response to water stress, ABA induces stomatal closure by activating Ca2+, K+ and anion channels in guard cells. To understand the signalling pathways(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates essential growth and developmental processes in plants. Recently, RNA-binding proteins have been described as components of ABA signaling during germination. We have identified ten ABA-regulated RNA-binding proteins in Arabidopsis seedlings. Among those genes, AtCSP41B and cpRNP29 are highly expressed in(More)