Stefan Helling

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AIMS Titin-based myofilament stiffness is defined by the expression levels of the cardiac titin-isoforms, N2B and N2BA, and by phosphorylation of the elastic titin domains N2-B unique sequence (N2-Bus) and PEVK. Phosphorylation of the N2-Bus by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) or cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) decreases titin stiffness, whereas(More)
Aggregation and neurotoxicity of misfolded alpha-synuclein (αSyn) are crucial mechanisms for progressive dopaminergic neurodegeneration associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of αSyn caused by oxidative stress, including modification by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE-αSyn), nitration (n-αSyn), and oxidation (o-αSyn), have(More)
Two aspartate protease encoding complementary deoxyribonucleic acids (cDNA) were characterised from the small intestine (posterior midgut) of Triatoma infestans and the corresponding genes were named TiCatD and TiCatD2. The deduced 390 and 393 amino acid sequences of both enzymes contain two regions characteristic for cathepsin D proteases and the conserved(More)
Cytochrome c (Cytc) and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) catalyze the terminal reaction of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC), the reduction of oxygen to water. This irreversible step is highly regulated, as indicated by the presence of tissue-specific and developmentally expressed isoforms, allosteric regulation, and reversible phosphorylations,(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial electron transport chain, is regulated by isozyme expression, allosteric effectors such as the ATP/ADP ratio, and reversible phosphorylation. Of particular interest is the "allosteric ATP-inhibition," which has been hypothesized to keep the mitochondrial membrane potential at low healthy(More)
The influence of protein phosphorylation on the kinetics of cytochrome c oxidase was investigated by applying Western blotting, mass spectrometry, and kinetic measurements with an oxygen electrode. The isolated enzyme from bovine heart exhibited serine, threonine, and/or tyrosine phosphorylation in various subunits, except subunit I, by using phosphoamino(More)
New developments in proteomics enable scientists to examine hundreds to thousands of proteins in parallel. Quantitative proteomics allows the comparison of different proteomes of cells, tissues, or body fluids with each other. Analyzing and especially organizing these data sets is often a Herculean task. Pathway Analysis software tools aim to take over this(More)
BACKGROUND Triatomines are vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease in Latin America. The most effective vector, Triatoma infestans, has been controlled successfully in much of Latin America using insecticide spraying. Though rarely undertaken, surveillance programs are necessary in order to identify new infestations and(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by attacks of fever and serosal inflammation; the biochemical basis is unknown. We recently reported linkage of the gene causing FMF (designated "MEF") to two markers on chromosome 16p. To map MEF more precisely, we have now tested nine 16p markers. Two-point and multipoint(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease causing attacks of fever and serositis. The FMF gene (designated "MEF") is on 16p, with the gene order 16cen-D16S80-MEF-D16S94-D16S283-D16S291-++ +16pter. Here we report the association of FMF susceptibility with alleles as D16S94, D16S283, and D16S291 among 31 non-Ashkenazi Jewish(More)